Radiation therapy is used as primary treatment option as well as combination

Radiation therapy is used as primary treatment option

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Radiation therapy is used as primary treatment option, as well as combination together with chemotherapy and/or surgery. Chemotherapy is sometimes used alone, but more often together with radiation therapy. Surgery is the method of choice for both males and females. The extent of surgical treatment depends of the stage and location of the cancer. There have been 4 methods described for surgical treatment:[Ure16]. Conservative therapy and local excision Transurethral excision of low grade tumor Endoscopic treatment with transurethral electro-resection or laser therapy Segmental resection with reconstruction- a part of urethra is removed, and the healthy part is mobilized to create new urethral opening. Not usable for woman. Partial penectomy Excision of the lesion with around 2cm margins Can be used for distal, infiltrative tumors in men Radical penectomy Removal of the penis, urethra and penile root En block resection For tumors higher than T2 stage in the prostatic part of urethra Procedure includes removal of the affected urethra as well as local lymph nodes
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In women portions of perineal tissue also are removed In women most cases require removal of the vagina[Ure16].
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  • Spring '18
  • Julie
  • Urethral Cancer

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