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lengthening such experimentation would not be within their means, as well since the objective was to assess nutritional intakes during pregnancy and compare the adequacy with Dietary Reference Intakes, it is possible they felt the need to extend the documentation was unnecessary. However if they had extendedthe data collection from at minimum just before conception instead of the second trimester as they chose to do would the results found on dietary inadequacy reported change? Would we have more insights for further research? Would the results be more significant in clinical practice if more was understood about addressing dietary patterns before or even between the trimesters instead of just during critical periods of weight gain (second and third trimesters)? These are some of the questions that would have added more value to the study if the data collection was more abundant in nature. NURS 328
RESEARCH STUDY: STUDENT CRITIQUE8An aspect of the research article, The Adequacy of nutritional intake from food and supplements in a cohort of pregnant women in Quebec, Canada did exceptionally well was utilizing software to address the main concern of a cohort study, the under and over reporters for self reporting methods. They also used vital resources such as individuals trained in nutritional research to carry out aspects of data deciphering and review that need diligence and accuracy in order to create credibility. “Information collected in the food records was coded with the use of Food Processor software, version 10,13,1 [ESHA Research Inc.) and then converted to nutrient intakes through the use of the Canadian Nutrient File, the Canadian food composition database, version 2010 (15). Data were coded byspecially trained research assistants with backgrounds in nutrition. Quality control procedures included adetailed review of 20% of the coded records and data verification for outlying values.” (Dubois et al., 2017)In addition when the data was obtained the researchers found fruitful ways to avoid outliers and omitted any insufficient reporters which would have been a tedious task. As example to use as a baseline of what is considered adequate intake for each of the individuals a body mass index and a basal metabolicweight would need to be calculated, because cohort studies are notoriously inaccurate in reporting weight and describing their diet, the researches underwent the following methods to ensure the data is used appropriately and as accurate as possible with the given information,“We used pre-pregnancy weight reported by participants and height measured during the first prenatal visit to calculate pre-pregnancy BMI [kg/m2 ). We then determined the extent of misreporting of energy intakes (EIs) by identifying participants with implausible ratios of EIs to basal metabolic rates (BMRs), as specified in the Goldberg method (17). To estimate BMRs, we used pre-pregnancy weights to calculate Schofield equations (18), to which were added 0.4 MJ to correct for the higher energy needs of