The heart of connecting to a text as a reader is to relate something in the text to previous experiences or events. This strategy is helpful before reading, but it can also be done during and after reading. Readers can make at least three kinds of connections: 1.Text-to-self: These are connections between the text’s topic and personal experiences.2.Text-to-world: These are connections between the text’s topic and events, phenomenon,or happenings in society.3.Text-to-text: These are connections between the text and previously read texts.Exercise 6Return to the article analyzed earlier. Write down a list of text-to-self, text-to-world, and text-to-text connections within the article. Consider the following: Did you expect to make connections to the text? What did you discover by exploring these connections? Considering Purpose, Author, and StructureOne of the most important strategies effective readers use is to consider purpose, author, and structure. These make up the rhetorical purpose of the written work. When a student understands the purpose of a text, specifically the writer’s goals, background, and intentions, aswell as the structure of a text, it is much easier to read and compose texts. Effective readers must also consider audience and genre. Audience is the intended viewers or listeners of a text. Genre is a type or category of a text. For example, a commentary is one genre of writing, and a rhetorical analysis is a different genre of writing. Readers must be awareof the expectations of a given audience and genre. An essay written for a professor will look and sound different from a letter written to a politician. Consider this example. A text message sent to a friend about meeting for lunch has a different rhetorical purpose than an article a journalist writes for a newspaper. A friend might be writing to connect, and a journalist might be writing to persuade. The authors have chosen different formats and audiences with whom to share their messages. The authors have different credentials and experiences, which also shift the rhetorical purpose of their writing. During-Reading StrategiesBecause reading is a short-lived experience that primarily uses one sensory organ, it is often difficult to remember what one has read. Annotating is a strategy that helps readers interact with a text. Annotating is the act of commenting, marking, highlighting, and adding notes to a document. Rather than the reader reading a text and hoping to remember what was read, annotating gives the reader the opportunity to experience the text and effectively teach the material to him or herself. Exercise 7Return to the article previously selected. Annotate the article by marking the following: Highlight or underline the main point(s) of the article.
Highlight or underline any key supporting points in the article.