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Multi-perspectivity: There are many ways of looking at the same thing. These perspectives may be the result of different points of view of people in the past according to their position in society, the different ways in which historians have written about them, and the different ways in which people today see the actions and behaviour of people of the past. Cause and effect: This is the reason for events and the results of them. The consequences of something drive future events and help explain human behaviour Change and continuity: Over a period of time, it is possible to contrast what has changed and what has remained the same. Closely related contrasts that are used to teach history are ‘similarity and difference’, ‘related to then and now’, which help to make sense of the past and the present. Time and chronology History is studied and written in time sequence. It is important to be able to place events in the order in which they happened. Timelines are often used to develop this concept.
2. SPECIFIC AIMS FOR HISTORY an interest in and enjoyment of the study of the past; knowledge, understanding and appreciation of the past and the forces that shaped it; the ability to undertake a process of historical enquiry based on skills; and an understanding of historical concepts, including historical sources and evidence. 3. LESSON OBJECTIVES Knowledge Skills Values and Attitudes Recall prior knowledge and define the term revolution Discuss the ideas of liberty, equality, fraternity and individual freedom; and the meaning of these in the context of the late 18th century Establish the cause and effect of the revolution List the major events that took place during the French Revolution in chronological order Name the major role players of the revolution Describe the role of women in France during the 18thcentury Interpret various sources to justify the killing of King Louis and Queen Marie Antoinette Explain how democracy came to France in 1789 and then was taken away during the Reign of Terror. Group work skills –learners discuss and share information –learners present a group response Critical thinking skills –Questioning and interpretation of source material Chronology skills –sequencing events –causes and consequences of those events Communication and language skills –reading various texts –writing paragraphs –debating: plan and construct an argument based on evidence –developing empathy Extract relevant information from sources in order to answer questions. Use information from maps in order to give an explanation Understand the meaning of concepts such as liberty, equality and fraternity and apply them The value of attaining liberty, equality and fraternity Have an appreciation for democratic principles Respecting the opinions of others Cultivate a respect for rights of all people Learners learn to have an appreciation of different