single, basal, usually campylotropous ovule, the fruit an achene or nut often surrounded by persistent, accrescent calyx , forming an anthocarp . K ( 5) [(3-8)] C 0 A 1-∞ G 1, superior.
Nyctaginaceae - Four-o’clock family Members of the Nyctaginaceae are distributed in tropical or warm temperate regions. Economic importance includes local edible and medicinal plants and cultivated ornamentals, such as Bougainvillea spp. and Mirabilis japonica , the four-o’clock (named because of flowers opening late in the afternoon).
Mirabilis laevis var. villosa Hairy Wishbone Plant Nyctaginaceae
Aizoaceae Mesembryanthemum or Vygie family (meaning "always alive"). 128 genera / 1,850 species Members of the Aizoaceae grow in tropical and subtropical regions, primarily in South Africa, less so in Australia. Economic importance includes mostly ornamental cultivars, some (e.g., Sceletium ) with medicinal properties, Tetragonia (New Zealand-Spinach) used as table greens . The Aizoaceae are distinctive in being herbs, rarely shrubs or trees, with generally opposite, succulent leaves (often with C4 or CAM photosynthesis) and solitary or cymose flowers with a uniseriate perianth (outer petaloid staminodes present in many), usually numerous stamens , and usually numerous ovules . P 5 [3-8] A  5-∞ G (2-∞), superior or inferior, hypanthium present.
Carpobrotus edulis “Ice Plant” (succulent)
Cactaceae - Cactus family (Greek for a spiny plant). 97 genera / 1,400 species The Cactaceae are distinctive in being typically stem-succulent , CAM shrubs or trees, with leaves usually reduced or absent (the axillary meristems modified into specialized areoles bearing leaf spines ), numerous, spiral perianth parts intergrading from outer bract-like to inner petal-like parts, numerous stamens , and epiperigynous flowers with numerous ovules and parietal placentation . P ∞ A ∞ G (3-∞), inferior, hypanthium present.
- Summer '17
- Ovule, Polygonaceae, economic importance