Lecture – Gender AmbiguityFor a transgender child are negative or positive psychological effects more likely when parents try and force them to behave as the gender that matches their biological sex, what does psychology suggest parents of transgender children do?
Transgender – anyone gender ambiguous or crossed gender before --> now refers to any individual who has a gender identity differentthan their biological sex or assigned genderPositive psychological effects to mental health are:oIdentity awareness (trans closet)oIdentity performance: freedom to dress and act in the new genderoIdentity congruence: new genderoIdentity support to decrease symptoms of depressionSupport child --> Positive for mental health, identity support to decrease depressionHow might Christine Jorgenson complicate the view that America has only ever stigmatized transgender individuals, or a view that transgender is a new concept that only modern Americans know about?Christine Jorgenson was known for a historic sex change MTFGeorge --> ChristineMedia sensation in 1952 where “Ex-GI Becomes Blonde Beauty” and announced the first “sex change”Was supported at first, because people assumed that she will be able to give birth. However, she was shamed after people realized she became transgender unable to have childbirth or have fertility.What does it mean when someone is intersex, and what are two common intersex variations?Intersex: individuals who are difficult to assign gender at birth due to:oChromosomal disordersoHormonal disordersoUndifferentiated disorders (origin unknown)True hermaphroditism – usually generic females with 1 ovary and 1 testesor “ovotestes”
oAppear male at birth but breasts and menstruation at pubertyPseudo-hermaphroditism – genetically male or female with proper set of gonads(testes or ovaries) but has external genitalia that are ambiguousor that of the other sexLecture – Sexual Health:What do we mean when we say sexual health, what all does that encompass, do we just mean the absence of disease?Sexual health: A state of physical, emotional, mental, and social well-being related to sexualityoNot merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmityoRelationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasure and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion discrimination and violenceoWHO = World Health OrganizationBroad definition to cover broad range of topics. Has to be inclusive of multiple elements, not just one fact that can be misrepresented.How can our physical body be socially constructed if it’s a biological mass that grows and develops? (hint: think socialization)Social construction of body image: changes over time, changes across cultureoSociety is preoccupied with physical perfection, which can have both healthy and unhealthy consequencesoEx) Corsets causes cancer, anemia, birth defects, miscarriages, and damage in internal organs. The tight restriction of the body depletes lung capacity and
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- Fall '09
- Psychology, gender role stereotypes, new gender