Presence of Investigations Unanimously named from another village whether a

Presence of investigations unanimously named from

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Presence of Investigations Unanimously named from another village whether a datu or not since they had for this purpose some persons, known as fair and just men who were said to give true judgement acc to their customs. Controversy between two chiefs: they also convoke judges and arbiters same as the earlier explanation but in this ceremony, they always had to drink, inviting the plaintiff inviting the others Existence of Laws Condemnation to death: A man who insulted the daughter or wife of a chief is condemned to death. Witch Fines: half the cultivated lands and all their produce will belong to their master. Render half of his service if a relative or friend paid for him. Failure to pay the fine might result to war. Loans: - same way: give the half of the cultivated lands and profits until he pays the debt. - Borrowers become slaves and after the death of the father the children pay the debt. - Not doing so, doubles the amount to be paid. - Acc. to plasencia, the system should and can be reformed. Inheritance Legitimate children inherited equally Giving of dowry—to marry a son to the chief’s daughter. The dowry is greater than the sum given to the other sons. Had children with two or more legitimate wives: each child received the inheritance or dowry of his mother, with its increase and the share of his father’s estate. Had a child with one of his slaves: the former will have no inheritance. But the legitimate child are bound to free the mother and give a slave or a tael. Chief: If besides his Legitimate children, he also happens to have sons by a FREE UNMARRIED woman (a dowry was given but was not considered a real wife) the child is called a natural child. They only inherit a thirds of the part. Ex 2 parts for the legit child and 1 part for the natural child. If there’s no legit child, the natural child inherits all. Child from a slave woman, same as stated above. No Legitimate child, no natural child, whether there is a slave child or not the inheritance goes to the father or the grandfather or any close relative. Adopted children inherited double of what was paid for adoption.
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Additional Notes: Marriage Customs - Men were in general, monogamous; while their wives are called Asawa. - Courtship begins with Paninilbihan. Prior to marriage the man requires to give a dowry: 1) Bigay- kaya (a piece of land or gold); 2) Panghihimuyat (a gift for the brides parents); 3) Bigay-suso (for brides wet nurse). - Marriage between couples belonging to defferent social classes were not common. Dowries are given by men to the parents of the women If living, they may enjoy the use of it. At their death, if not consumed, divided equally among their children. If the wife, at the time of marriage, has neither parents nor grandparents, she may enjoy her dowry.
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