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Presence of Investigations•Unanimously named from anothervillage whether a datu or not sincethey had for this purpose somepersons, known as fair and just menwho were said to give truejudgement acc to their customs. •Controversy between two chiefs:they also convoke judges andarbiters same as the earlierexplanation but in this ceremony,they always had to drink, inviting theplaintiff inviting the othersExistence of LawsCondemnation to death: •A man who insulted the daughter orwife of a chief is condemned todeath.•Witch•Fines: half the cultivated lands andall their produce will belong to theirmaster.•Render half of his service if arelative or friend paid for him.Failure to pay the fine might result to war.Loans:- same way: give the half of the cultivatedlands and profits until he pays the debt.- Borrowers become slaves and after thedeath of the father the children pay the debt.- Not doing so, doubles the amount to bepaid.- Acc. to plasencia, the system should andcan be reformed.Inheritance•Legitimate children inherited equally•Giving of dowry—to marry a son tothe chief’s daughter. The dowry isgreater than the sum given to theother sons.•Had children with two or morelegitimate wives: each child receivedthe inheritance or dowry of hismother, with its increase and theshare of his father’s estate.•Had a child with one of his slaves:the former will have no inheritance.But the legitimate child are bound tofree the mother and give a slave or atael.Chief:•If besides his Legitimate children, healso happens to have sons by aFREE UNMARRIED woman (adowry was given but was notconsidered a real wife) the child iscalled a natural child. They onlyinherit a thirds of the part. Ex 2 partsfor the legit child and 1 part for thenatural child.•If there’s no legit child, the naturalchild inherits all.•Child from a slave woman, same asstated above.•No Legitimate child, no natural child,whether there is a slave child or notthe inheritance goes to the father orthe grandfather or any close relative.•Adopted children inherited double ofwhat was paid for adoption.
Additional Notes:Marriage Customs -Men were in general, monogamous; whiletheir wives are called Asawa. -Courtship begins with Paninilbihan. ✣Priorto marriage the man requires to give adowry: 1) Bigay- kaya (a piece of land orgold); 2) Panghihimuyat (a gift for thebrides parents); 3) Bigay-suso (for brides wet nurse).-Marriage between couples belonging todefferent social classes were not common. Dowries are given by men to the parents of thewomen•If living, they may enjoy the use of it.•At their death, if not consumed,divided equally among their children.•If the wife, at the time of marriage,hasneitherparentsnorgrandparents, she may enjoy herdowry.