million non-Jewish victims of Nazi actions. A total of 11 million people were killed by the Nazi policy. After the Holocaust and the end of World War 2 the need for an international law to uphold the natural rights of human beings and hold nations accountable became apparent. The United Nations had also come into existence after the end of World War 2 and as the successor to the largely ineffectual League of Nations. The United Nations General Assembly passed the Resolution 96 on December 11, 1946 which was titled "The Crime of Genocide". The resolution did recognized that Genocide as described by Lemkin was a crime but it failed to establish a legal definition for it. In December 9, 1948 the United Nation passed resolution 260 titled Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. The Resolution was adapted and incorporated into the legal system of many countries. Since the establishment of legal definition of genocide, there has been a number of Genocides. The most notable were 1971 Bangladesh Genocide, the Cambodian Genocide, the Rwandan Genocide and the Genocide in the Balkans. The 1971 Bangladesh resulted from the Liberation War of Bangladesh. Pakistan began its journey from the partition of India along Hindu Muslim religious line. Pakistan itself was established as a geographical oddity. It was divided into geographic units separated by India. The Western wing was called West Pakistan while the Eastern Wing was called East Pakistan. Soon after the partition fault lines became apparent in the new state. East Pakistan was carved out of the Bengal province of British India. There was nothing common between the two parts of Pakistan except Islam which would prove inadequate to hold the nation together. In 1971 East Pakistan which had the larger population almost all voted for Awami League and their demand for autonomy. The Pakistan Military Junta instead of handing over power lunched a crackdown on the population. Their targets include local police,
paramilitary but also educational institutions, Hindu temples and neighborhoods’ and any perceived political enemies. Pakistan throughout the war was supported by its close ally China and the US who wanted to use Pakistan to build diplomatic connections with China. So when Archer Blood the head of the US mission sent a telegram deploring the actions of actions of Pakistan and US silence it was promptly ignored by the Nixon administration. On his telegram he wrote "Our government has failed to denounce the suppression of democracy. Our government has failed to denounce atrocities. Our government has evidenced what many will consider moral bankruptcy." (The blood telegram) Bangladesh Government estimates the death of 3 million people, the Pakistan Government says 35,000 people while independent sources believe it was about 500,000.