definition not a matter of rational examination. Appealing to revelation is very different from
assessing the validity of an ethical claim in a way that appeals to anyone’s ability to reflect
on its justifiability, no matter whether they believe in divine revelation or not.
ETHICS AND THE RELIGION 2
To see this, ask yourself the following question: Does the fact that Catholic religious
authorities in 17th-century France issued what was recognized as a legitimate religious act,
a curse against insects and animals, carry any weight in ethical decision making for us
Again, issues are never simple and clear cut, and there is also a position according to which
faith and reason are compatible. But note that if your conception of religious belief is such
that it is compatible with reason, then there should be no problem for you to just rely on that
portion of your religious beliefs that is compatible with rational justification. This is
significant, since rational justification is an important element of critical thinking. Rational
justification in ethical analysis is what we will concentrate on in this course.
THE ISSUE OF WHO OR WHAT MATTERS 1
By “who or what matters,” what is meant is: Who or what is owed moral consideration?
What are the moral parties involved? In the analysis of a scenario or a case, the issue of
who or what matters is closely tied to what moral issue the case presents. Now please go
Ethics and the Law I
. On that page, it was implied that the moral issue in our
opening story was: What is the right way to deal with disaster and disaster relief? If this is
the moral issue, then those who are involved in it are the farmers, of course, but also other
members of the community who depend on the farmers’ crops and labor.