Groups in which members do less scapegoating and work

  • University of Texas
  • ARC 318
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  • Mickkhan91
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Chapter 4 / Exercise 136
Business English
Guffey/Seefer
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Groups in which members do less scapegoating and work at a steadier pace, even without supervision, are most likely headed by a(an) _____ leader. a. laissez-faireb. authoritativec. dictatoriald. democraticd. democraticSoloman Asch's experiment on group conformity demonstrated that:a. because of group pressure, most people are willing to say things they know are not true.b. Americans are highly individualistic to conform to group pressure.c. women are more suseptible to group pressure than mend. younger people are more susceptible to group pressure than older adultsa. because of group pressure, most people are willing to say things they know are not trueMilgram's "teacher-learner" experiments demonstrated that:a. a substantial number of people will inflict pain on others if ordered to do so by a person in a position of authorityb. most people conform to social norms, even when told to deviate from them by persons in authority c. only emotionally disturbed persons enjoy inflicting pain on othersd. electric shock treatments improve student's ablities to learn.a. a substantial number of people will inflict pain on others if ordered to do so by a person in a position of authorityWhen members of a group begin to narrow their thoughts and feel that there is only one correct answer to a situation, and when suggesting an alternative is seen as being disloyal to the group, sociologists would term this phenomenon:a. brainwashingb. groupthinkc. mental programmingd. group polarizationb. groupthink_______ is an approach to life which there is an acceptance of rules, efficiency, and practical results.a. traditionalityb. rationalityc. utilitariansimd. laissez- faireb. rationality
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Chapter 4 / Exercise 136
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Guffey/Seefer
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A traditional orientation to life emphasizes the notion that:a. the past is the best guide for what to do in the presentb. the best guide for decision making should be based on efficiencyc. emotional sentiments have no place in the modern business worldd. work relationships should be governed by contractual agreementsa. the past is the best guide for what to do in the present_______ was one of the first theorists to argue that the change to capitalist economic systems was responsible for the decline of traditional orientations to social life. a. Max Weberb. Karl Marxc. Emile Durkheimd. George Simmeld. Karl MarxA central feature of contemporary society is the increase in:a. formal organizations b. primary groupsc. informal organizationsd. reference groupsa. formal organizationsComparing the "ideal type" characteristics of bureaucracy to and actual organization allows sociologists to determine:a. the extent to which an organization has become bureaucratizedb. if an organization is efficientc. if the members of an organization are alienatedd. if an organization is experiencing goal displacementa. the extent to which an organization has become bureaucratizedGeorge Ritzer maintains that the organizational features of the fast food industry have gradually seeped

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