People wanted to clear more land for cotton led to w

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People wanted to clear more land for cotton, led to w. expansion b. Renewal of slavery b.i. Before they didn’t need that many slavery but by 1810 there was a fast paste of cotton growing c. Led to growth of domestic slave trade c.i. In VA, NC, MA, Kentucky, Tennessee (upper south) did not need slaves so they grew and sold them to lower south d. Corn- Cotton economy facilitated corn d.i. Corn grows when cotton doesn’t d.ii. Cotton= money make and corn= for pigs, southern diet e. Cultivation- resulted in a lack of incentive to invest in other economies e.i. Factories, railroads f. Discourage immigrants to come into the south f.i. Upper south had slaves who rented them out f.ii. If you are a foreigner you would not want to compete with slaves
f.iii. Europeans did not approve of slavery g. No precede need for public education g.i. No need for literate people g.ii. Did not have the north’s incentives for literate culture 27. Nat Turner’s Rebellion a. Self taught Christian b. “Successful” slave rebellion in American history c. White peoples worst nightmare- more than 60 whites were killed d. Virginia legislature passed an emancipation bill but it failed e. People didn’t rely on slavery anymore- less demand 28. JDB Debow a. Of New Orleans who advocated factories as a way to revive the economies of older states like VA and SC to reduce south’s dependency on northern manufactured products b. Southern factories- small, produced for nearby markets and closely tied to agriculture c. Northern- turned hides to leather, leather to shoes or cotton into threads/clothes 29. Tredegar Iron Works a. Contributed to the confederate during the civil war b. Employed slaves in skilled positions 30. Society a. Planter Class was 1-2 % b. Slave owners owned 20+ slaves b.i. Lived a relaxed life, rich, slave rich but cash poor c. Wives- did men work by managing the house d. Small slave owners- 20- slaves d.i. Cotton grower, paid in cash, aspirated to be planters e. Yeomen farmer e.i. Largest demographic group e.ii. Did not own slaves, had small farms, subsistent farmers f. Piney woods people f.i. 10% of white population f.ii. were squatters, lived on margins f.iii. were happy w/ life, stereotype of white trash g. Class tension g.i. Not a lot of people, not much tension g.ii. White solidarity was enhanced by slavery g.iii. S. Whites opposed abolition 31. Hinton R. Helper a. Published “The Impending Crisis of the South” b. Called upon non-slaveholders to abolish slavery in their own interest, revealed the persistence of a degree of white opposition to slavery 32. George Fitzhugh a. Launched another line of attack by contrasting the plight of northern factory workers “wage slaves” who were discarded by there bosses when

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