Crédit mobilier scandal the managers of the union

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A History of Modern Psychology
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Chapter 11 / Exercise 4
A History of Modern Psychology
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1. Crédit Mobilier Scandal- the managers of the union pacific were the investors of the credit mobilier, the union pacific is taking a ton of money from the government to build the railroads but barely making any profit because the CM is charging so much money for the railroads, in 1872 angry investors tell all about the CM and an investigation is conducted ii. City and State Machines-machine politics, city machines are political organizations that run the politics of a city, they show up because of the rapid urbanization because cities couldn’t keep control, city level they were mostly democratic, the big focus is partisan power, they dominate the government through corruption, patronage job was a job someone can give you, not an election, people elected choose the patronage jobs wisely to make sure that they keep their elected position, politicians would get elected and they would bring in their supporters to work for them, lead to a lot of electoral fraud, they also provided a lot of social services like handing out food, helping find jobs, and making sure people were warm during the winters, city
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A History of Modern Psychology
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Chapter 11 / Exercise 4
A History of Modern Psychology
Schultz/Schultz
Expert Verified
governments couldn’t do this because taxes didn't provide enough money, almost every major city had one of the city machines; state machines do the same kind of thing but more at a republican level, they have a lot more to do with business and making deals and granting monopolies to railroad companies, so that company would be in control of the railroads in that state1. Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall- Tammany Hall was one of the most famous city machines, William M. Tweed was one of the most popular members, he held 17 government positions, eventually he is prosecuted for briberyiii. Spoils System- when a new party takes power in government and fires all the old members and hires all new members to essentially keep their power lasting, many people get involved into party loyalty, people who are getting offices don’t really know what they’re doing because a friend brings them in just because they are a supporter, pushing to change this was always talked about but not much was done1. James A. Garfield Assassination- 1880 he was elected president, talking about civil service reform, 1881 he is assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau because he wanted a government position and didn't get it so he killed Garfield (half breeds?) Guiteau thought that he had helped Garfield win the election by giving a speech to a small group of women, and he said he wanted to become the ambassador of France and he was denied, he thought he was betrayed and assassinates him, this leads to civil service reform 2. Pendleton Civil Service Act,(look up main purpose) 1883- tried to de-politicize government jobs ,made a civil service exam so that if you went into government you had to prove that you knew how to do the job assignedD. Gilded Age Issues and Reform Effortsi. Economic Regulation- public outcry against business 1. Interstate Commerce Act, 1887- first major federal regulatory act, created the interstate commerce commission

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