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Reference:Heale, R., & Twycross, A. (2015, August 10). Validity and Reliability in Quantitative Research. Evidence-Based Nursing, 18(3), 66-67. Lisa DOlier
2 posts Re: Topic 7 DQ 1The call for evidence-based practice (EBP), quality improvement and healthcare transformation underscores the importance for redesigning health care that is effective, safe, and efficient in today’s modern community, while also valuing the patient’s unique needs and preferences (Stevens, 2013). The focus on evidence-based practice (EBP) is also a modern theme for APRNs in the Future of Nursing report from the Institute of Medicine, which focuses on the convergence of knowledge, quality, and recommends that nurses lead interprofessional teams in improving delivery systems for our patients based on EBP and new nursing competencies (IOM, 2011).The call to adjust to healthcare demands and shifting patient populations demands that APRNs elevate their responses and initiatives to maximize the valuable contributions that all nurses have made, can make, and will make, to deliver on the promise of EBP for the benefit of our patients and practice (Defining Scholarship for Academic Nursing Task Force Consensus Position Statement, n.d.).The EBP research process and nursing practice involves assuming that nursing is both a science and anapplied profession, not all evidence is created equal, and that evidence-based practice contributes to improved outcomes (Denisco & Barker, 2016). There are many nursing, EBP models which outline the steps for translating EBP into healthcare organizations and nursing practice, and most are similar in structure and themes. Two educators and researchers in nursing, Melnyk and Fineout-Overholt (2011), define one such model and identify seven steps in the EBP process: 1.Cultivate a spirit of inquiry.2.Ask a burning clinical question in PICOT (P = population; I = intervention; C =comparison; O = outcome; T = time) format.3.Search for and collect the most relevant best evidence.4.Critically appraise the evidence.5.Integrate the best evidence with one’s clinical expertise and patient preferences and values when making a practice decision or change.6.Evaluate the outcomes of the practice decision or change based on evidence.7.Disseminate the outcomes of the EBP decision or change.All of these steps are vital for the effective integration of EBP and promote effective nursing practice, improved outcomes for patients, as well as to provide the best available evidence for clinical, administrative, and educational decision making (Newhouse, Dearholt, Poe, Pugh, & White, 2007).There are a range of quality, research and evidence based sources available to APRNs to review the current research available and the potential research gaps in our practice. The Cochrane organization is one such place. Cochrane aims to produce high-quality, relevant, up-to-date systematic reviews to inform health decision making for APRNs and organizations by producing evidence, making evidence