8 iss 225 power authority exchange social class d

Info icon This preview shows pages 8–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
8
Image of page 8

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ISS 225 Power, Authority, Exchange Social Class D. Working Class Approximately 30% of the population is considered working class. Members of the working class generally have only a high school education, and therefore have fewer marketable skills. The working class consists of skilled and unskilled workers (blue collar workers), factory workers, farm hands, sales personnel, and low-level clerical workers. Usually these positions do not require college. Although many in this class belong to unions, this class is not, as a rule, an effective political force. Jobs performed by this group are routine, mechanized, and closely supervised. The working-class is less secure now than in the past. As corporation shift their operations offshore, jobs traditionally done by this group are now performed by overseas. This group has been particularly concerned about job security. E. Working Poor Members of the working poor constitute roughly 13% of the population. They may or may not have a high school education. They work at unskilled, low-paying, often temporary jobs. The lower class experiences high rates of unemployment and dependency on government, employers, the state of the economy, and landlords. Many are functionally illiterate. Many work at minimum wage jobs. Typical jobs include laborers and workers in the service industry, such as a fast food restaurant or at a hotel, are the working poor. This class seldom exerts itself politically. They have little power and their political influence is very weak. F. Underclass The underclass represents the lowest tier in the social class ladder. They constitute about 12% of the population. They are often unemployed, working part-time, or on welfare. Since they typically have very little education, they consequently have few marketable skills. Most of the underclass is concentrated in large urban areas. They are often homeless. VII. Consequences of Social Class The social class one occupies affects every aspect of a person's life. Sociologists have examined what it means to be in a particular social class, what impact it has. A. Social Class and Family Life A person's social class will affect such family issues as how to raise a child, the selection of a marital partner and the incidence of divorce. Although people are not endogamous, there is a tendency to marry in one’s own class. Members of the upper classes tend to stress the importance of family history, and hence, see mate selection as something that affects more than just the individual. 9
Image of page 9
ISS 225 Power, Authority, Exchange Social Class Children tend to seek out those who act, speak, and have the same cultural values as themselves. This encourages the tendency to marry within your own class. The upper class also arranges social events such that upper class children meet only upper class children. Divorce rates are higher for the lower classes. This may be the result of economic and social problems.
Image of page 10

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern