O john lennon vocals rhythm guitar acoustic harmonica

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o John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar, acoustic, harmonica, hand claps o Paul – vocals, bass guitar, hand claps o Ringo – drums, tambourine, maracas, hand claps, lead vocals o George Martin – producer, mixer, additional arrangements, piano, celesta o Norman Smith – audio engineer, mixer o Andy White – drums (“Love Me Do”) ° Covers Arthur Alexander o From Georgia o Alcoholic o Moderately successful in US o Wrote “Anna” to his wife who he was cheating on The Shirelles o Beatles covered “Boys” and swapped up some of the lyrics o Breaking gender barrier about girls revealing sexuality o Important beginning of back-up voices on their songs o Taking and transforming songs ° Aspects of Beatles Early Style Prominent bass line (Paul) Rock and Roll singing (Paul 1-2-3-4) Ringo’s use of cymbals
Mics on guitar solos (production) Back beat John and Paul singing in close range, sometimes sound like one voice Song construction (verse-chorus-bridge) Drum rolls ° Twist and Shout Bert Berns – composer of “Twist and Shout” Inspired by Latin influence of Ritchie Valens “La Bamba” The Isley Brothers put a Soul/Gospel twist on this song o Dancing and rhythmically driven song Beatles version o Starts with the Isley’s chord build up o Verses 1 and 3 o “Shake it shake it shake it baby now” ° ° 10/1/10 ° ° Discussion ° ° Important terms Form Timbre o Sonic quality of an instrument o Shrill, piercing, mellow, etc. Rhythm Orchestration/Arrangement Off-beat emphasis o Emphasizes beats 2 and 4
The Beatles – Week 2 09/27/2010 ° The Racial Politics of Beatlemania
° ° The Civil Rights Movement 1954 The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas Beatles music got big right around the time of MLK Jr.’s speech. ° Motown Similar studio 2 track recording The Funk Brothers, changed to become generic name for group from the times Heavy bass playing and saxophone Songwriting teams o Lamont Dozier, Brian Holland, Eddie Holland Choreographers o Cholly Atkins, Aretha Franklin Touch of Gospel o Little Stevie Wonder (“Fingertips Pt 2”) o It’s funny it’s called “fingertips” because that’s what he sees with… o Handclaps, the call-and-response, shouts Marvin Gaye, “Pride and Joy” The Temptations, “My Girl” Barrett Strong of Motown, “Money”
o 8-bar intro with piano riff, tambourine, “dirty” bass o Verse + refrain o Verse + refrain o 8-bar piano riff o Verse + refrain o Fade out on refrain Beatles’ version of “Money” o Guitar has a different sound, and is recorded differently o Tambourine? o Recording technique o Bass not in evidence o Lennon imitating Strong’s voice o “Cool” reinterpreted as “Rock” o Imitate clapping in middle eight o “I wanna be free” Beatles’ “You’ve Really Got a Hold on Me” o George Martin’s piano o Ringo o Solo guitar more rhythmically precise o Funk rhythm guitar missing in Beatles o Hi hat rhythm ta----tata/ta to 1111/1111 o Bass is close, but no “swing” o The aesthetic of the cool

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