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oJohn Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar, acoustic, harmonica, hand clapsoPaul – vocals, bass guitar, hand clapsoRingo – drums, tambourine, maracas, hand claps, lead vocalsoGeorge Martin – producer, mixer, additional arrangements, piano, celestaoNorman Smith – audio engineer, mixeroAndy White – drums (“Love Me Do”)°CoversArthur AlexanderoFrom GeorgiaoAlcoholicoModerately successful in USoWrote “Anna” to his wife who he was cheating onThe ShirellesoBeatles covered “Boys” and swapped up some of the lyricsoBreaking gender barrier about girls revealing sexualityoImportant beginning of back-up voices on their songsoTaking and transforming songs°Aspects of Beatles Early StyleProminent bass line (Paul)Rock and Roll singing (Paul 1-2-3-4)Ringo’s use of cymbals
Mics on guitar solos (production)Back beatJohn and Paul singing in close range, sometimes sound like one voiceSong construction (verse-chorus-bridge)Drum rolls°Twist and ShoutBert Berns – composer of “Twist and Shout”Inspired by Latin influence of Ritchie Valens “La Bamba”The Isley Brothers put a Soul/Gospel twist on this songoDancing and rhythmically driven songBeatles versionoStarts with the Isley’s chord build upoVerses 1 and 3o“Shake it shake it shake it baby now”°°10/1/10°°Discussion°°Important termsFormTimbreoSonic quality of an instrumentoShrill, piercing, mellow, etc.RhythmOrchestration/ArrangementOff-beat emphasisoEmphasizes beats 2 and 4
The Beatles – Week 209/27/2010°The Racial Politics of Beatlemania
°°The Civil Rights Movement1954 The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Boardof Education of Topeka, KansasBeatles music got big right around the time of MLK Jr.’s speech.°MotownSimilar studio2 track recordingThe Funk Brothers, changed to become generic name for group fromthe timesHeavy bass playing and saxophoneSongwriting teamsoLamont Dozier, Brian Holland, Eddie HollandChoreographersoCholly Atkins, Aretha FranklinTouch of GospeloLittle Stevie Wonder (“Fingertips Pt 2”)oIt’s funny it’s called “fingertips” because that’s what he sees with…oHandclaps, the call-and-response, shoutsMarvin Gaye, “Pride and Joy”The Temptations, “My Girl”Barrett Strong of Motown, “Money”
o8-bar intro with piano riff, tambourine, “dirty” bassoVerse + refrainoVerse + refraino8-bar piano riffoVerse + refrainoFade out on refrainBeatles’ version of “Money”oGuitar has a different sound, and is recorded differentlyoTambourine?oRecording techniqueoBass not in evidenceoLennon imitating Strong’s voiceo“Cool” reinterpreted as “Rock”oImitate clapping in middle eighto“I wanna be free”Beatles’ “You’ve Really Got a Hold on Me”oGeorge Martin’s pianooRingooSolo guitar more rhythmically preciseoFunk rhythm guitar missing in BeatlesoHi hat rhythm ta----tata/ta to 1111/1111oBass is close, but no “swing”oThe aesthetic of the cool