Since participants had to shift their vocal

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participants lives. Since participants had to shift their vocal interactions based off the direct feedback, participants effectively were about to increase the amount of positive interactions when compared to baseline data. The results of this study demonstrated that direct feedback can effectively increase positive communication when it is combined in phases such as treatment and maintenance. However, the results of residential behaviors, the second focus of this study, were not meaningful since residents did not see a major change between baseline and problem behaviors. Thus, residents only moderately improved in problem behaviors when the intervention was implemented Are the conclusions justified by the results o Yes, the conclusions are justified by the results. The days shows an improvement when direct feedback was implemented with participants. All participants saw an increase in positive interactions throughout the study. In addition, the authors address the issue of analyzing resident’s problem behavior and how the intervention did not successfully improve problem behaviors. Data presented showed that baseline data for problem behaviors were in low levels, thus data could not be collected that properly showed a decrease in problem behaviors once intervention was implemented. What are the limitations of the study, at least 2 that the author did not discuss o One limitation of this study is the participants. The authors only used 4 participants, one which had to be replaced in the study. This was a limitation due to the study not having a wide range of participants to compare to. A second limitation was the design of the study. The authors used a design that featured one intervention period and then maintenance. This is a limitation due to the authors not being able to compare the impact the intervention truly had since the intervention was never removed throughout the study. 3 follow-up questions; include IV, DV, and participants o Is direct feedback effective for direct care staff to reduce the number of aggressive acts during resident’s meal-time? o Does direct feedback result in an increase/decrease in communication skills acquired by residents when given to direct care staff? o Does direct feedback strategies result in a lower or higher level of interactions for direct care staff when working with residential clients through even given social event?

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