Psychology in Action 9th Edition

Psychology in Action

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Brain-Based Learning Activities #’s1.2 & 1.3 Critical Thinking Exercises #’s1.2, 1.3, & 1.4 Writing Project #1.1 SECTION V – TOOLS FOR SUCCESS Learning Objectives #17 Instructor's Resource Guide               Chapter 1                                 Page 8
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Discussion Questions #7 L ecture L ead- I ns 1. Before you begin your lecture, ask students about their preconceived notions about psychology: Who do they think of when they hear the term "psychologist?” (They typically mention people like Frasier Crane from TV, Dr. Laura Schlesinger from radio or Sigmund Freud.) What do they think a psychologist does? (You will probably have a lot of comments centering on a clinical, counseling theme.) Use these two questions to frame your "introduction to introductory psychology." Put the following words on the board: WHO? WHAT? WHEN? WHERE? WHY? HOW? You can then organize your entire lecture by answering these six questions. WHO? Discuss the common perception of all psychologists as being clinicians or counselors. List the areas of psychology (clinical and counseling, educational, school, industrial/organizational, etc.) and/or list the schools of psychology (structuralism, functionalism, psychoanalytic, etc.). You may want to emphasize that the MAJOR perspectives that are used today and found throughout this text are the psychoanalytic, behavioristic, humanistic, cognitive, biological, evolutionary, and cultural. WHAT? Define psychology - the scientific study of behavior (both overt and covert behavior). Emphasize the scientific foundation and how this differs from common sense. You may want to take time to ask them to complete Activity 1.1 "Myths and Misconceptions" at this point. WHEN? Mention 1879 as the founding of the first psychological laboratory in Leipzig, Germany by Wilhelm Wundt. It helps to mention how this laboratory was important because it established a break with philosophy, but our roots (like biology, history, and most academic subjects) are still reflected in the Ph.D. (If you like to display a little self- effacing humor, you can tell the old joke about how academics first get an A.A. degree, then a B.S., and then a Ph.D. The Ph.D. means "piled higher and deeper" while the B.S. is left to their imagination.) WHERE? You can mention that until recent times psychology has been focused on Western cultures. But with the increased attention to cultural psychology, we now have more interest and research being conducted on other cultures. WHY? Discuss the four goals of psychology - describe, explain, predict, and change behavior. If you want to break your lecture here, it works very well to have the class complete Activity 1.2 at this point. We usually save "HOW" for the next class. Instructor's Resource Guide               Chapter 1                                 Page 9
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HOW? Discuss the various research methods - experimental and non-experimental.
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