Level three o is it believable agenda not necessarily

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Level Three o Is it believable? (Agenda) Not necessarily, there is no definite proof that it is necessary to be "pure" to have an afterlife or that there is an afterlife at all. o What can be learned about society? The society is very religious and an afterlife can be achieved if individuals follow guidelines set by Osiris to ensure that their soul will be preserved. This encourages people to worship the gods and be good to their fellow man. o What does it mean to me? (5) Lecture 4 - Laws of Manu Author: Heather MacGregor Comprehension Questions
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1. What are the obligations of each caste? How do they correspond with the parts of Brahman noted at I.31? Brahmin - scholar, lord, sacrifice; kshatriya - kings; vaisya - farmers/traders; sudra - servant of brahmin. All of these are "under" the brahmin, who are the "best" caste because they protect all the others. 2. Does the code allow for intermixing of castes through work or by marriage? Are there any exceptions? Intermixing is forbidden, because it leads to sons who have no place. One can only be part of a caste if he has a virginal father and mother in the same caste. Discussion Questions 1. These rules obviously have an intended effect of imposing order in Vedic society. Is there anything in these rules that could produce conflict or disorder? This system really only works if people are unquestioning of the system. While the two upper castes may be happy (they can do duties of other castes), the two lower castes are essentially stuck in their "duties" forever. The sudra are essentially slaves of the brahmin and I would imagine this would create some dissent. However, punishment for breaking the rules is encouraged and would likely keep many of these dissenters in line. 2. How do these laws compare with the other legal or religious codes? The laws are not as structured as the others. They are religious in origin, but different in that there are no worshiped deities. The kshatriya make the rules, but the only ones specified here are the ones pertaining to each caste, and that rules should be enforced by punishment. Summary 200BCE-200CE - ideas from before then Both written and oral source Manu: renowned sage, also could mean primordial man o Mouthpiece Book I, Chapter I: o Sages approach Manu, worship him, and ask to know the "secret laws" of each caste (varna) Laws on Caste o Brahmin is lord of all castes o Brahmin/kshatriya/vaisya: twice born o Sudra: one birth o Origins > creator of world > brahmin(mouth), kshatriya(arms), vaisya(thighs), sudra(feet) Assign separate duties to each o Child must have father and mother that are virgins and in the same caste to be in that caste o Adultery is bad and will be punished o Mixture of castes = BAD Duties of Members of Four Castes o Better to not do your own job (or do it poorly) than to do another's job Duties of a Brahmin o Teach/study/sacrifice for others/self/gifts for others/self (6) o 3 most important teach/sacrifice for others/gifts from others o May live by kshatriya laws, or vaisya (but avoid agriculture) o
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