African%20American%20Culture%20and%20Life%20pre-1945(2)

Race consciousness and attempted to debunk

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Race consciousness and attempted to debunk stereotypes about black people (gave agency to the black experience) Examples from Augusta Savage, Aaron Douglass, Claude McKay, Zora Neale Hurston Consisted of writers, painters, sculptors, musicians, and educators Value of Citizenship and Manhood Rights
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New Negro Movement cont. New Negro Movement cont. Resistance against labor inequality (W.A. Domingo) Right to be equal citizens (Lt. James Europe and WWI) Race men and race women (Alain Locke, Madame CJ Walker, Chicago Defender ) Debunked inferior essentialisms (tragic mulatto, contented slave, wretched freedman, comic negro, brute negro, exotic primitive)
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Harlem Renaissance Harlem Renaissance Symbolic representation of the rise of the black middle class Different Trains of Thought Booker T. Washington (economic self-sufficiency) NNBL-1900 Marcus Garvey (Pan- Africanism, admired BTW) UNIA-1914 (Black Star Line) W.E.B. Du Bois (Also Pan- Africanist, promoted integration…eventually shifted) NAACP-1909 A. Philip Randolph (advocated integration but argued for socialism…race and class) BSCP-1925 Ida B. Wells (anti-lynching crusader, women’s rights advocate)
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Claude McKay (If we must die) Claude McKay (If we must die) If we must die, let it not be like hogs Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot,
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  • Spring '10
  • Staff
  • Harlem Renaissance, W. E. B. Du Bois, New Negro movement, Negro Movement

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