portion was widely hailed in 1933, but by 1934 business' opinion of the act had soured. By March 1934 the "NRA was engaged chiefly in drawing up these industrial codes for all industries to adopt." However, the NIRA was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1935 and not replaced. 27. AAA The Agricultural Adjustment Act ( AAA ) was a United States federal law of the New Deal era which reduced agricultural production by paying farmers subsidies not to plant on part of their land and to kill off excess livestock . Its purpose was to reduce crop surplus and therefore effectively raise the value of crops. The money for these subsidies was generated through an exclusive tax on companies which processed farm products. The Act created a new agency , the Agricultural Adjustment Administration , an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture , to
oversee the distribution of the subsidies. The Agriculture Marketing Act , which established the Federal Farm Board in 1929, was seen as a strong precursor to this act. 28. WPA The Works Progress Administration (renamed in 1939 as the Work Projects Administration ; WPA ) was the largest and most ambitious American New Deal agency , employing millions of unemployed people (mostly unskilled men) to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads. In a much smaller but more famous project, Federal Project Number One , the WPA employed musicians, artists, writers, actors and directors in large arts, drama, media, and literacy projects. 29. National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act foundational statute of United States labor law which guarantees basic rights of private sector employees to organize into trade unions , engage in collective bargaining for better terms and conditions at work, and take collective action including strike if necessary. The act also created the National Labor Relations Board , which conducts elections that can require employers to engage in collective bargaining with labor unions (also known as trade unions). The Act does not apply to workers who are covered by the Railway Labor Act , agricultural employees, domestic employees, supervisors, federal, state or local government workers, independent contractors and some close relatives of individual employers. 30. Social Security Act enacted August 14, 1935, now codified as was a social welfare legislative act which created the Social Security system in the United States. Although the program has been altered since its signing, the original purpose was to provide federal assistance to those unable to work. 31. Fair Labor Standards Act The FLSA was originally drafted in 1932 adopted an eight-hour day and a forty-hour workweek and allowed workers to earn wage for an extra four hours of overtime as well. According to the act, workers must be paid minimum wage and overtime pay must be one-and-a-half times regular pay. Children under eighteen cannot do certain dangerous jobs, and children under the age of sixteen cannot work during school hours. President Franklin Roosevelt called it the most important piece of New Deal legislation since the Social Security Act of 1935 .
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