The morning after pill is not effective contraception

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“The morning after pill is not effective contraception because, “the morning-after pill simply encourages sexual promiscuity. Sexual promiscuity is the reason we have such high rates of abortion and out- of-wedlock births in this country.” 19 The R Condition: Contextual Relevance ! Straw Man ! A straw man argument is another fallacy that contains contextually irrelevant rationale. ! This fallacy shifts attention from the issue of an opponent’s view by misrepresenting the view. ! When someone presents a weaker version of someone else’s argument, and then assesses the argument, it easier for him/her to discredit. The R Condition violated: A Straw Argument ! The school superintendent has argued that children in public schools should be allowed to participate in a voluntary moment of silence at the beginning of each school day. But it’s wrong to allow teachers to indoctrinate children with their own religious views. The superintendent’s view should be rejected.” 21
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The S Condition ! Taken together, do the premises provide enough evidence to substantiate the conclusion? 22 Final Note about the ARS Method ! Im plementing the A R S method: ! What happens when one of the above is violated? ! In Argumentation theory charging an arguer with erroneous reasoning is a serious charge 23 Strong Argument? P1: Meyers is an ESP psychic with a Harvard PhD P2: Meyers has been a God-gifted spiritualist for 20 years P3: In the first minute of conversation, Meyers will note problems and their solutions P4: Meyers will reunite you with your lover C1: Meyers is a successful psychic! HMC: You should see Meyers for a psychic reading! 24
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Summary of Terms ! Burden of Proof ! Strong Argument ! Premise Acceptability and Unacceptability ! Premises Relevancy ! Sufficiency ! Fallacy ! Begging the Question ! Red Herring ! Straw Man
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