-the meeting was organized by James Otis of Massachusetts. -the delegates argued that Britain had no right to force laws and taxation on the colonies because the colonies had no representation in Parliament. -they adopted the slogan “No Taxation Without Representation”. -the delegated adopted and sent petitions to Parliament and to King George III arguing that colonists should have the same rights and liberties that the people of Britain had. -“Spoiled Child Syndrome”-British subjects were already heavily taxed! 4. The Sons of Liberty -Groups of protestors sprang up throughout the colonies. -They called them selves the Sons of Liberty. -Daughters of Liberty organizations were also formed. -most active was the Boston Sons of Liberty, organized by Samuel Adams. -The Sons of Liberty organized a boycott of British goods. -they also intimidated stamp agents (tax collectors) into resigning. -intimidation tactics included tarring and feathering and burning in effigy. -tax offices and even the homes of stamp agents and public officials were attacked and destroyed. -due to the protests and the boycott, the Stamp Act was repealed in 1766. B. Rising Tensions in the Colonies 1. The Declaratory Act (1766) -passed at the same time that the Stamp Act was repealed. -the act declared that parliament had the right to make laws that applied to the colonies “in all cases whatsoever.” 2. The Townshend Acts (1767) -passed by Parliament at the urging of Charles Townshend, the Chancellor of the Exchequer. -the act placed a duty, payable at colonial ports, rather than a direct tax, on certain imported goods such as glass, lead, paint, and tea. -the colonists were not fooled. They were against taxes-direct or indirect. -they resumed their protests and their boycott of British manufactured goods. -Pennsylvania lawyer and politician, John Dickinson wrote and published a series of twelve essays entitled Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania in which he argued that the colonies were completely sovereign in their internal affairs and that taxes laid upon the colonies by Parliament for the purpose of raising revenue (such as the Stamp Act and the Townshend Duties) were unconstitutional.
3. The Boston Massacre -the majority of the protests were led by the Boston Sons of Liberty. -riots broke out in Boston in 1768 after Customs officials seized and condemned the sloop Liberty, owned by John Hancock, the city’s leading merchant and possibly the richest man in the colonies. -Britain sent troops to Boston to keep order. -A series of events/ clashes between British troops, government informants, tax agents, and the people of Boston (the “mob”) had the town on edge by early 1770. -The British soldiers (“Regulars”) stationed in Boston also moonlighted as dock laborers when off- duty which drove down wages for water-front workers and caused major hostility between the groups.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 13 pages?