•The church was the center of musical life.•Musicians were priests and worked for the church.•An important occupation in monasteries was liturgical singing.•Women were not allowed to sing in the church.
Music in the Middle Ages•Most medieval music was vocal.•The church frowned on instruments.•Around 1100, however, instruments were used increasingly in church.•The organ was most prominent.•At first it was primitive and could only be played by hitting it with yourfist.•It was so loud that it could be heard for miles around
Gregorian Chant•Named after Pope Gregory•The music of the church was Gregorian chant.•It is a single line (no harmony) sung by many to convey a calm quality.•It represents the church.•It has flexible rhythm, without meter, and little sense of beat.•Exact rhythm is uncertain, because precise time values were notnotated.•Free-flowing rhythm gives the chant a floating, improvisationalfeeling.
Gregorian Continued . . .•The melodies moved by step and were sung in Latin, the language ofthe church.