Hormones like epinephrine and norepinephrine are released by the adrenal glands

Hormones like epinephrine and norepinephrine are

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Hormones like epinephrine and norepinephrine are released by the adrenal glands during stress and emotional arousal enhance memory.
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47 Very high levels of these hormones, however, can interfere with and impair memory skills. How We Remember Mnemonics: Strategies and tricks for improving memory Effective encoding Rehearsal Maintenance Rehearsal Rote repetition of material in order to maintain its availability in memory Elaborative Rehearsal Association of new information with already stored knowledge and analysis of the new information to make it memorable Deep Processing : In the encoding of information, the processing of meaning rather than simply the physical or sensory features of a stimulus Read, Recite, Review : An active process that has been shown to enhance study efforts and help with longer-term retention of material Why We Forget Forgetting is adaptive We need to forget some things if we wish to remember efficiently. Other information, we may actively wish to forget Replacement The theory that new information entering memory can wipe out old information Interference Similar items interfere with one another Cue-Dependent Forgetting. Physical state can be a memory cue. State-dependent memory The tendency to remember something when the rememberer is in the same physical or mental state as during the original learning. Mood-congruent memory The tendency to remember experience that are consistent with one’s current mood and overlook or forget experiences that are not. We typically forget childhood memories because our brains aren’t fully developed, cognitive function isn’t as developed, and social skills aren’t as developed. Notes 11/15/18-
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48 Chapter 9: Learning and Conditioning Pavlov discovered conditioning during a research to find out whether salivation was a reflex or an active effort in dogs. He introduced some neutral stimuli that the dogs, after numerous trials, came to associate with food, thus salivating without the food. In the end Pavlov believed he found out how animals learned even in the wild. Ivan Pavlov discovered classical conditioning which is characterized by reflexes, stimuli & responses. Classical Conditioning: Learning by Association. Learning is the relatively permanent change in behavior (or behavioral potential) due to experience Conditioning is a basic kind of learning that involves associations among environmental stimuli and an organism’s behavior Forming New Reflexes from Old Acquisition of Conditioned Response At the start a stimulus that is unknown to an individual is explored and over time an association is acquired Extinction occurs when the conditional stimuli no longer creates a conditioned response because the association has long since been forgotten Stimulus Generalization After conditioning, the tendency to respond to a stimulus that resembles one involved in the original conditioning In classical conditioning, it occurs when a stimulus that resembles the conditioned stimuli elicits the conditioned response
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49 Stimulus
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  • Fall '15
  • Davina Brown

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