O europeans unaware of tea until 1400s to 1500s at

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oEuropeans unaware of tea until 1400s to 1500s at the earliest. oSuez canal above red se into Mediterranean. oEuropeans start learning about tea after mastering ocean going activity. piece mental and merchant driven. Ocean going Europeans 1400s when they move into deeper waters and further. peaceful mastering of the Atlantic. trading ports around Africa.Chinese ocean going trade (Zheng hes expeditions to 1405-33) would have been in the Indian ocean decades before Europeans but a policy change in china stopped the Chinese vessels trading. Europeans not knowing anything about tea while venturing but stars hearing rumors 1500s Giovanni battista ramussio voyages and travels(1500’s) (one of the accounts) mentions tea a few times in his books where he was told that it was a cure all in china. People telling and hearing accounts of what’s happening in the Indian ocean and across borders people put these stories into print (travel literature) which is the way Europeans first hear of tea long before they will encounter it Early 1500s’ evidence of Portuguese traders trading in southern china. building relationships to open in a trade in silk and spices. Portuguese allowed to rend a bit of land in Macau where they go to trade base. They are confined because Chinese merchants are setting the terms.Dutch incursions on Portuguese claims. (protestant) Dutch “independence”Dutch moving away from British rule and forming the Netherlands. centralized and small statesat the end of 1500s the Dutch start competing with the trading empires take brazil sugar plantations away from Portuguese. Eventually start to move Portuguese dominance in the Indian ocean and Asia The Dutch become another large figure and it is through the Dutch that tea eventually make sit to Europe. At first the Dutch disturbing the order of things but eventually put tea into the story. Dutch east India company founded in 1600s given monopoly over trade in what used to be the Portuguese empire. 6
The company represents the Dutch across the globe empowered by the government to negotiate treaties and establish trade across borders. The Dutch bought Japanese tea to Europe as the first shipment in 1610 to 1611 first cargo. Emerging European taste for tea 1630 to 1640 at first something only the Dutch are bringing in. Getting into tea an English example Samuel peeps diary (in reading) where his wife was prescribed tea for her cold and deflections. Knelm Digby 16601 says how to brew the perfect water just say psalm 61 and pour it more time will get it more concentrated “only spiritual parts of the tea.”Cornelius dekker (pseudonym bontekoe) wrote treatise about most excellent herb tea in terms of its right uses and qualities. said people should drink 8 to 10 cups a day. even 100 cups. But he was being paid by Dutch east Indian company (advertising.)Thomas povey’s set paper of English royal society

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