Developmental course of self regulation ability Lurias work hand imitation

Developmental course of self regulation ability

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Developmental course of self-regulation ability Luria’s work- hand imitation – point finger>point finger… point finger>make fist… etc. At age 4 there is a huge leap in performance Cuvo (1974) Paid to learn a word list- 5 cents, 10 cents… o 5 th graders randomly memorized words- no strategy o 8 th graders start showing strategy o University students show great strategizing Memory Strategies o Rehearsal Mental or vocal repetition in order to remember Age 2 DeLoach’s hidden toy task: Take toy and hide it behind couch… kid says “couch couch couch”.. blababla Not very good at rehearsing at age 2 Flavell’s card-memory task Put down 7 cards with pictures on them… as age increases, more evidence of strategy… if he taught them strategy, they did better; however, they sometimes needed to be reminded to use strategy o Organization (chunking and clustering) Emerges at age 8 Involves ability to use categories o Elaboration Making info that you have to remember meaningful Spelling mnemonics List order acronym- ROYGBIV Number mnemonics Why don’t young kids use strategies?
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Strategy inefficiency May use strategy, but does not work well for them… use it more efficiently as they grow older Role knowledge: expertise o Can become experts in certain categories o Knowledge base increases performance within the domain of expertise But not other domains o Performance is domain-specific October 29, 2014. Cognitive Development 3: Intelligence Intelligence o Multifaceted concept o Measuring skills that help us adapt to the world o Crystallized: Knowledge you pick up over time; store of knowledge about the nature of the world o Fluid: The ability to solve novel problems that depend little on stored knowledge or on the ability to learn A history of intelligence testing: o Alfred Binet: Wanted to find a test to figure out how children learn and how to help those who would need academic support o Binet’s test: Involved a series of problems > ranged from really easy to really hard Tasks related to everyday problems, some about basic reasoning processes Mental age: age at which an item can be solved Child solves until they start getting things wrong.. this becomes their mental age… which is compared with their chronological age Intelligence Quotient (IQ): Take mental age and divide it by chronological age Binet’s warning: Realized this test would be used inappropriately … Stanford-Binet Test, WPPSI, and WISC o Verbal and non-verbal components o Five verbal Crystal Fluid o Ten non-verbal Working memory index Processing speed index Perceptual reasoning index
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o Picture completion task What’s missing? o Distribution of IQ scores Mean is always 100 Standard deviation… Are IQ tests valid and reliable?
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  • Dr.J.M.Ostovich

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