The war between north and south wasnt so much the matter of who should reign

The war between north and south wasnt so much the

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The war between north and south wasn’t so much the matter of who should reign over the whole nation, as of relatively small-scale land- grabbing, in which at this time Judah seems to have been the more successful (4a, 19). But it looked as if Abijah was losing the battle as described here; the point of the figures in v 3 is to show how much he was out-numbered (see Introduction). He took the opportunity for a remarkable speech which sets out some of the basic principles of Chronicles’ theology. - 2 -
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ReadGHL_Historical Books First, it appeals to all Israel (4); The important thing was the allegiance of the people, and if their allegiance is to the Lord, they had to recognize that he has delegated his rule to the family of David, by a covenant of salt (5; presumably meaning ‘eternal’—see Nu. 18:19). In the previous reign this went wrong, through rebellion on one side and folly on the other. In the circumstances the revolt was part of God’s plan. But now things were back to normal: there was a true king on David’s throne, true worship in Solomon’s temple, and no excuse for any substitutes (8–12). On this occasion Judah had not only the right theology but the right attitude (14b, 18), that is why the Chronicler leaves out the conclusion in Kings (1 Ki. 15:3) and ends with positive points indicating God’s blessing (19–21), Wilcock (1994). 7.3. The Theme of Retribution in Chronicles The term retribution can be defined as ‘if I sin I shall punished’ (though also that ‘if I obey I shall be blessed’). One of the great themes of Chronicles is that God’s purpose for welfare of humanity never fails. On the other hand, one of its consequences is that there is always new hope for each new generation: to simplify this aspect of it also, that ‘if I repent I shall be forgiven’. Some examples will follow of this theme: 7:11–22 The answer of revelation. Vs 15–16 confirm that God’s eyes, ears and name are indeed there in the temple (6:18–21, 40). Vs 17–18 confirm 6:14–17; the you is Solomon (singular), and while in Kings he did sin and his throne did in the end fall vacant, in the Chronicles sense he fulfilled God’s will, and Israel has never lacked a ruler. - 3 -
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ReadGHL_Historical Books But in vs 19–22, which pick up Solomon’s seventh request (6:36–39), the you is plural and means Israel, and whether or not Solomon disobeyed God, Israel certainly did. What is more, the Chronicler and his readers have actually seen both the threatened loss of land and temple (20) and the prayed-for restoration (6:37–39). Plainly about retribution is flanked by instances of it: vs 8–11 and 16–17 describe the disasters, because of Jehoram’s own sin and his leading others astray. All that he might have wanted—power, family, health, respect, the very things that mark God’s blessing on the obedient—he lost.
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  • Fall '19
  • Tanakh, Book of Esther, Ketuvim, Book of Ezra, Books of Chronicles, Book of Nehemiah

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