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38) What effect does diabetes have on wound healing?A) speeds it up by increasing angiogenesisB) speeds it up by increasing the rate of proliferationC) speeds it up, but in the process leads to a larger scar formationD) slows it down by increasing inflammationE) delays it by slowing the rate of all phasesAnswer: EDiff: 4 Page Ref: 70139) Adequate treatment of diabetes includes maintaining fasting blood glucose levels below whatvalue?DDiff: 4 Page Ref: 7038
40) Dietary control of diabetes mellitus type 1 includes limiting the intake of ________. ADiff: 5 Page Ref: 70341) What is the primary medicine for regulating diabetes mellitus type 1?ADiff: 4 Page Ref: 70342) What diabetes medication stimulates insulin release from beta cells of the pancreas?A) noneB) biguanidesC) thiazolidinedionesD) sulfonureasE) alpha-glucosidase inhibitorsAnswer: DDiff: 6 Page Ref: 70343) How do alpha-glucosidase inhibitors decrease blood glucose levels?DDiff: 6 Page Ref: 70344) What medicine for the treatment of diabetes sensitizes tissue to insulin?EDiff: 6 Page Ref: 7039
24.2 True/False Questions1) Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a genetic disorder that affects the genes for insulin synthesis.Diff: 3 Page Ref: 6942) The diabetes epidemic is due to increases in diabetes mellitus 2 only; there has been no significant increase in diabetes mellitus type 1.Diff: 3 Page Ref: 6943) The age of onset of diabetes mellitus type 2 is decreasing.Diff: 4 Page Ref: 6954) Hyperglycemia can ultimately lead to activation of the sympathetic nervous system and release of epinephrine.Diff: 4 Page Ref: 6955) When glucose levels exceed 600 mg/dL, a nonketotic coma can occur.Diff: 5 Page Ref: 6966) Diabetic ketoacidosis is more common in diabetes mellitus type 2.Diff: 4 Page Ref: 6957) People with diabetes mellitus suffer from polyphagia.Diff: 4 Page Ref: 6968) People with diabetes are more prone to develop atherosclerosis.Diff: 5 Page Ref: 6969) Diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2 are both associated with increased body weight.Diff: 4 Page Ref: 69510) Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in adults.Diff: 3 Page Ref: 69811) During the proliferative phase of diabetic retinopathy, new blood vessels are being synthesized but they are weak and tend to leak.