The enactment of the three strikes law has had huge

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The enactment of the three strikes law has had huge impacts on the aging population of the inmates. The average age of striker inmates in prisons has increased from 32 to 36 (Chen, 2014). The aging prison population in state prisons has been attributed to two factors. Firstly, it is believed that the enactment of the three strikes law has lengthened the prison sentence of many striker inmates. A life term like the establishment of life imprisonment has facilitated the growing numbers of elderly striker inmates. Secondly, the aging of the inmates is reflective of the general population. Therefore as the aging population of inmates grow, then the general population of the prisons increases and this lead to congestion in the prison facilities. It may
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THREE STRIKES LEGISLATION 8 become more difficult to house aging striker inmates due to health care costs and illnesses associated with old age. As the number of older striker inmates increases and state is faced with the task of high incarceration costs. More funds which would have been used elsewhere would be needed in the prison departments to keep the facilities and the inmates in check. The figure below shows the growth of striker inmates in the U.S state prisons from 1994 to 2004 (Karch & Cravens, 2014). Aspects of the Three Strikes Legislation One issue of the three strikes law is that three strikes policy gave longer sentences to certain repeat offenders. The second aspect is that a person convicted of a violent crime and has a prior criminal history must receive a sentence enhancement under the provisions of the law of three strikes policy. A longer sentence is inevitable for a repeat offender in a state where the three strikes laws are applicable (Lanier, 2018). For instance, if a person assaults a police officer and commits robbery with violence and later on the person is arrested for a crime of intrusion of privacy in a residential property. The person is more likely to receive a life sentence because of the previous serious and violent crimes. The recent crime might be less serious and nonviolent,
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THREE STRIKES LEGISLATION 9 but the considerations for the application of the three strikes sentence is based upon the last committed offense. Before the implementation of the three strikes law, a person would have served a minimum sentence of two years for the intrusion of privacy, but with the three strikes legislation in place, a sentence enhancement is awarded. Once a repeat offender is arrested, they are taken to the police custody and later on arraigned in a court of law. With sufficient proof that the repeat offender committed three strikes, then they are sentenced to 25 years or life imprisonment without illegibility for parole. During the prosecution, however, the defendants and the defendant's team of attorneys bear the burden of proof to prove that the defendant actions didn't cause any harm to the public. Once a sentence has been passed, the person is escorted to a state prison where they are most likely to spend the rest of their lives. An appeal can be filed in the Supreme Court to determine if the ruling was in
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  • Fall '17
  • mwenzi
  • Sociology, criminal law, Three strikes law, strikes

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