2 policy habit is more reliable bc it designates

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2. POLICY - Habit is more reliable b/c it designates reflex, semi-automatic or mechanistic  behavior.  Less likely conduct is intentionally manipulative to mislead someone. 3. What is habit, and how often must it be done or observed to be called habit? 4. If testifying about organization and its routine practice, OK that W personally has not  performed practice as part of his duties.  He just has to testify about it.  Don't need  corroborating evidence that this was practice of org.  Jury will decide if routine practice  was followed or not in this particular instance. 5
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G. REMEDIAL MEASURES -  Rule 407 (p. 501) 1. RULE - If measures are taken after event which would make the event happening less  likely, evidence of subsequent measures is not admissible to prove negligence or  culpability.  This does not exclude use of subsequent measures for other purposes such  as ownership, control, feasibility of precautionary measures, if CONTROVERTED or  impeachment. a. If party says that could not make improvements b/c it was not feasible, opposing  party can offer fact that they made improvements after event/accident. 2. POLICY - Want to encourage people to take safety measures.  Don't want parties to  refrain from correcting something b/c afraid conduct will be used against them in ct.   Also unfair to introduce evidence that person behaved responsibly after the fact.   Finally, may be impossible to show that person took remedial measures because  of the  accident. 3. PRODUCT LIABILITY - Flaminio v. Honda Motor Co.  (p.501) a. Does Rule 407 apply to strict liability cases? YES. Not adopting this rule may  discourage parties from making changes even if fault is strict liability.  If accident is  avoidable by warning consumer or eliminating defect inexpensively, will not do it if  this remedial measure could be used against corp.  Exposure to future claims is of  greater concern than mfr. not correcting b/c could be used against them in this one  case, so corp. will probably make changes.   Arg. against applying Rule 407 - Even if liable, may not make remedial change b/c  have already taken all remedial measures that are reasonable.  So doesn't encourage  corp. to make changes so allow use of remedial changes against corp. b. ERIE DOCTRINE - What if state law allows use of remedial measure against  employer?  Does fed rule trump state rule? YES.  Rule 407 is procedural b/c do not  want juries to infer negligence from remedial measures.  This will reduce expense in  the adjudicative process and enhance accuracy of juries.  Admittedly Rule 407 has 
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