Kansas Nebraska Act The Kansas Nebraska Act allowed the new

Kansas nebraska act the kansas nebraska act allowed

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Kansas Nebraska Act - May 30, 1854 The Kansas-Nebraska Act allowed the new territories of Nebraska and Kansas to decide for themselves whether or not they would allow slavery by popular sovereignty. More importantly, however, the act repealed the longstanding Missouri Compromise in order to allow Kansas the possibility to become a slave state. After the Kansas and Nebraska territories became part of the United States, they each developed their own respective positions on the westward expansion of slavery. Southern congressmen strongly opposed the creation of Kansas as a state because it lay north of the 36° 30’ latitude line, which meant that it could not be a slave state under the Missouri Compromise. As the balance between the North and South threatened to break, sectional tensions reached an all-time high.
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7 The Kansas-Nebraska Act split of the Whig Party along sectional lines, infuriated Northern abolitionists, and led to an increasing number of violations of the Fugitive Slave Act. Republican Party Forms - July 6, 1854 The Republican Party was formed at a convention in Jackson, Michigan after anti-slavery leaders from the former Whig Party united to form a new party that supported abolition and favored the federal government over states’ rights. After the Kansas-Nebraska Act permitted western territories to decide their own statuses as slave or free states, the Whig Party rapidly dissolved. Shortly after, prominent anti- slavery leaders held meetings aimed at organizing a new political party that could stand against the Southern Democrats. In their first presidential election, the Republicans won eleven Northern states, which signaled a major victory for advocates of abolition across the nation. In the South, however, many states threatened to secede if a Republican president took office, which eventually happened after Abraham Lincoln became president only four years later. Bleeding Kansas - 1855-1861 Advocates of slavery and abolition engaged in multiple instances of bloodshed in the Kansas territory in a conflict over whether Kansas would be admitted into the Union as a slave state or a free state. After the Kansas-Nebraska Act legislated that Kansas would be allowed to determine its own status as either a slave or free state by popular sovereignty, pro-slavery and anti- slavery associations rapidly populated the territory in efforts to gain ultimate control over the land, which eventually led to hostility from armed emigrant groups.
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8 Kansas was admitted into the Union as a free state in 1861, but the “Bleeding Kansas” phenomenon severely damaged the new state’s infrastructure after hotels and prisons were burned. More importantly, however, both pro-slavery and abolitionist groups became more fanatical, and the nation’s sectional divide deepened even further.
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