Physically comfortable work places Job security Safe working conditions

Physically comfortable work places job security safe

This preview shows page 20 - 25 out of 25 pages.

Physically comfortable work placesJob securitySafe working conditionsFriendly co workers and managersTeam projects and group decision making
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Maslow’s Hierarchy and Worker Motivation21Higher order needs (esteem and self actualisation) can be assisted by:Promotion to higher status jobsPraise and recognitionCreative and challenging workParticipation in decision makingJob flexibility and autonomy
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McGregor Theory X and Theory Y22Theory X and Theory Y are theories of human motivation created and developed by Douglas McGregor at the MIT Sloan School of Management in the 1960’sThey describe two contrasting models of workforce motivation and explain workers would have a spectrum of behaviours in between the extremes
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McGregor’s Theory X23Theory X assumes employees are naturally unmotivated and dislike workingThey will avoid responsibility and need to be directedThey must be controlled, forced and threatened to deliver what's neededMust be closely supervise and jobs must be clearly structuredThey desire only monetary rewards
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McGregor’s Theory Y24Assumes workers are self motivated and creativeWorkers enjoy and seek responsibility Like to work independently and need limited control and directionWork is a natural part of life and they want to workPeople are motivated by self fulfilment
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Theory Y Organisations25People at lower levels of the organisation are involved in decision makingWorkers have more responsibilityAppreciating and acknowledging workers efforts is regular and importantMore opportunity for promotion and recognitionCreative and innovative ideas are accepted by the organisationLeadership styles more likely to be democratic or laissez-faire
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