what the task intrinsic feedback is telling them People will use augmented

What the task intrinsic feedback is telling them

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what the task intrinsic feedback is telling them · People will use augmented feedback when it is available whether it is correct or not · Verbal Knowledge of Performance o One of the reasons practitioners give verbal KP more than verbal KR is that KP gives people more information to help them improve the movement aspects of skill performance o The first thing a practitioner must do is perform a skill analysis of the skill being practiced and identifying the various components parts of the skill, figuring out which parts are most critical o The practitioner then needs to decide the content of the statement to make to the learner § Descriptive KP: a verbal knowledge of performance statement that describes only the error a person has made during the performance of a skill § Prescriptive KP: a verbal knowledge of performance statement that describes errors made during the performance of a skill and states what needs to be done to correct them § Prescriptive KP statements are more helpful for beginners and descriptive KP statements are more helpful for advanced performers · The critical factor for determining the effectiveness of video replays as an instructional aid is the skill level of the learner rather than the type of activity o For beginners to benefit from video replays, they require the assistance of an instructor to point out critical information o Advanced performers do not need instructor aid so frequently, although discussions with skilled athletes suggest they often receive greater benefit from observing replays when they receive some form of attention directing instructions, such as verbal cues and checklists · Research evidence also establishes that video replays transmit certain types of performance related information more effectively than other types · Movement kinematic information as augmented feedback enables people to learn faster · Center of Pressure (COP)—biomechanical type of information is more commonly used as a type of augmented feedback for people learning or improving static and dynamic balance skills; type of kinematic related information · Biofeedback: type of augmented feedback that provides information about physiological processes through the use of instrumentation o Most common is electromyographic biofeedback which provides information about muscle activity o EMG biofeedback intervention leads to better recovery than physical therapy without biofeedback o Research has supported the effectiveness of biofeedback as a means of facilitating motor skill learning o Concern is that people become dependent on it to help them perform a skill · Concurrent Augmented Feedback: provided while a person is performing a motor skill or making a movement o Seems to be most effective when the task intrinsic feedback is difficult to sue to determine
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how to perform the skill or improve performance o Two general types of effects § Negative learning effect; performance declines on retention or transfer trials during which the augmented feedback is removed because augmented feedback becomes an integral part of
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