Archaeology Study Guide Exam 2 .docx

Uruk period 6000 to 5000 bp cities form at important

This preview shows page 5 - 6 out of 13 pages.

*• Uruk Period 6000 to 5000 BP Cities form at important Ubaid sites: Ur, Uruk, Eridu More elaborate public architecture Ziggurat develops from Ubaid temple Uruk Period Evidence *• Specialization -no longer just famers, doing other things -massive pottery work shops, pottery manufacture associated with temples -leaders because they were religious specialist Writing Cuneiform, develops from Ubaid stamp seals -people are writing history, propaganda *-Hierarchy- the different jobs contributed to this -Bureacracy and development of a state How is the Nile important to Egypt pre history The Nile Fluctuate seasonally because of rains Floods nearly annually, deposit thick rich fertile silt on floodplain Agriculture-farmers- makes continued agriculture possible, predictable Nile=naturally productive Flooding and agriculture -14 review slide -sedentary -seasonal cycles of these floods First evidence of inegalitarian socities in Egypt Predynastic Period 6000 BP, Upper Egypt- inegalitarian Large cities: Naqada and Hierakonopolis Burials 2000 at Naqada Pottery in different styles- symboliizing different classes Beautiful flint tools, jewelry, figurines, beads Evidence of major class differences Lower Egypt-egalitarian, -competitive with each other Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt
Image of page 5

Subscribe to view the full document.

*• 5000 BP Unification of the states of Egypt The pottery styles of Lower Egypt replaced by the pottery styles of Upper Egypt Narmer – official from Upper Egypt According to text sources he conquered Lower Egypt Established capital at Memphis (near modern Cairo) Why would Upper Egypt conquer Lower Egypt? Control of trade Cedars used to construct large Nile boats traded from Lebanon How do Egyptian, Mesopotamian, and Indus states compare Contrast Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Indus early states: Mesopotamia : Oldest, Least centralized, most subdivided into smaller cities/units Egypt: Most rural, most investment in monuments, most difference in wealth and power, most centralized Indus: Most urban, least visible leaders, most civic investment Evidence to support and refute Ignatius Donnelly’s or Graham Hancock’s theories about Egypt Ignatius- Atltantis was mother civilization, people from Atlantis helped all these other cultures- cultural racism, one major source of civilization, all the times of these civilizations would have been the same age, make timeline and argue against Hancock- The plan of the pyramids resembles Orion’s belt 10,000 years ago- their arrangement is actually forced by the geology of the ground, mother culture Similar cultures between Maya and Egypt What technologies did the Egyptians use to build the pyramids *• So You Want To Build A Great Pyramid Major Engineering Challenges: Quarry stone Move stone to work site Prepare foundation Most of the pyramid made of limestone Granite used for a few parts Gypsum and rubble used as fill Gypsum mortar used as binder Moving stone to site
Image of page 6
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern