HIST 103—Rome

Roman republic in times of war would hire a dictator

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Roman Republic In times of war, would hire a dictator for 6 months Senate More power than anyone else Struggle between Patricians and Plebeians Struggle of the orders Political, Legal and Social equality  450 BCE, 12 tablets Code of Roman Law Gave some protection to Plebeians Could legally marry Patricians
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367 BCE, one of the Consuls could be a Plebeians 350 BCE, Plebeians could enter priesthood 287 BCE, Plebeians had a law passed, could now pass laws that affected all Romans  without Patrician interference. Once internal problems were over, Romans turned to outsiders 387 BCE, the central power in Italy 357 BCE reestablished their power Started conquering immediate neighboring cities  Were also offered Roman citizenship Cities further away, were municipal states Once cities were conquered, would leave Romans behind Carthaginian Empire Phoenicians planted the colony Settlements in Northern Africa First real power that Romans clashed with over territories  Rome wanted to stop Carthage’s trade and take control of trade in the Mediterranean  238 BCE Roman seized Sardinia and other islands around Punic Wars, 264, 238, 202  202 BCE, Carthage was destroyed and limited to only a small independent ally of Rome.  202 BCE Carthage loses for god Becomes an independent ally of Roe Lost possessions in Spain
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Fighting so vicious legions do not want to go New imperial System Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica become provinces  Each province had a governor Fewer rights & privileges than other conquests Magistrates have unlimited power Pay tribute Taxes farmed out the to the highest bidder Constitution and tradition stretched to breaking Conquest of the Hellenistic World 3 rd  century BCE stable balance of power until—Selucid Antiochus II ( 281-261 BCE) Phillip V of Macedon (238-179 BCE) Bad decisions Ordered to leave Greece alone and pay reparations Does not comply Tried to ally with Carthage Correspondence with Hannibal intercepted Greeks help Rome hi out Youngest son sent as a hostage to Rome
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Greek cities become  free  but under the protection of Rome Protectorate status Intervene at will Deal more harshly with far flung territories regardless of status Anti-Roman factions severely punished 146 VCE Corinth revolted. Completely destroyed War—great economic boom Loot goes to soldiers and to the public treasury
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