O is football too violent football drives college

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o Is football too violent? Football drives college sports to organize o Faculty committees formed to oversee athletics Property damage Gambling Injuries control o League of IV (1st college athletic conference) Other "conferences" o Rules put into play to goverm college athletics University/faculty control Eligibility to play/coach Academic standards to play Football rules Committee's solution to reduce injuries o 1906 meeting o Amos Alonzo Stagg Innovator
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Introduced tackling dummies Set up scrimmage games to get teams ready for the season Put numbers on players jersey Thought of putting athlete dorm on college Would have players hide ball under shirt Was good at recruiting because: He began a national practice game (all the best come to play, he gets them to go there) o Forward pass o However, passing was not used as much. Why? "fat" football made it hard to throw Rules made it a "high risk" play Tennis o Mary Outerbridge o James Dwight o Dwight Davis o French called it "tenez" and played indoors o English referred to it as "real tennis" or "court tennis" - brought it outdoors, changed the court dimensions o Eventually Mary Outerbridge brought the sport to America in 1874 o James Dwight - "Father of American Tennis" Recorded the first game and played it in his home First tennis club in the US was in Nola o Dwight Davis - early 1900s 20 year old Harvard Student Very good tennis player Organized a competition between the US and England Competed for a trophy of a cup - The Davis Cup Physical activity programs in the school o By 1900, public institutions for boys and girls were established o German immigrants >turnverein > Jahn o Charles Follen - Harvard > first gym o Charles beck - round hill school o Francis Lieber - Boston Gymnasium and first swimming pool The beginnings of sport and fitness in the US o German immigrants take the lead o The start of school physical education Round hill school, Northhampton, MA, 1823 Fitness-based rationale Charles beck (hired to teach Latin and gymnastics) o The emergence of "Turner Societies" German immigrants in Mass and NY bring gymnastics/Volksturnen to the US, form exercis groups o Gymnastics in colleges and public gymnasiums Charles follen follower of Jahn and friend of Beck Hired to teach German at Harvard
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Opens turnplatz there, introduces German Gymnastics to Harvard students Boston opens first public gymnasium in US, hires Follen to run it o Muscular Christianity emerges as first "fitness rationale" o Catherine Beecher Teacher at colleges for women (female seminaries) Teaches her students calisthenics Promotes exercise for women Connects exercise to religious responsibility o Mary Lyon Taught at __ Emphasized health on female student Included walking as a part of the calisthenics program o YMCA YMCAs open in cities Appeal to youth through sport and exercise Mind - body - spirit motto
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