History 2057 notes final exam

Work in the name of conservation doing things like

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work in the name of conservation doing things like planting trees and worked on wetlands It was designed to help families b/c the older boys would work and use some of the money on themselves and the rest would be sent to their fams Social Security was invented in 1935; Roosevelt would make government jobs and here SS is just welfare which is just relief and pretty radical for the time; SS was originally created for the elderly b/c they could not work and dependent children (who had lost parents) 3. Opposition The political right opposed the New Deal; they thought that it was leading US down the road to Socialist The political far left complained; they viewed what Roosevelt was doing as conservative b/c it was doing just enough to preserve capitalism; they want capitalism out The Supreme Court was a form of opposition NRA (National Recovery Association)- Supreme court shot this down but it wasn’t working anyway so no one cared AAA (Agricultural *** Association)- ticked people off b/c Supreme Court struck this down and it was actually working; southerners were benefiting… Huey Long was Roosevelt’s biggest opponent b/c he had a very simple explanation for why the Depression happened and a simple solution and he started to gain support; he said that the economy was like a buffet table, there was all this wealth and when the industrialization was happening a few people came and took it all! And left crumbs for everyone else; he said “SHARE OUR WEALTH” Solution: rich people would be taxed and the wealth could be redistributed and everyone would be the same; this appealed to people b/c they were desperate There is a lot of opposition but majority supports Roosevelt B. Second administration Roosevelt ran again and won easily; the people liked what he was doing for agriculture, farming; ethnic groups went to him; black northerners went to him and labor groups also by mid 1930’s the Great Migration has been going on a while; black in the North could vote and the blacks are growing by a substantial amount; blacks now go to the Democratic party which is a switch from the times after the Civil War b/c everyone liked Roosevelt Roosevelt pushes for an Anti- lynching Bill to be passed Eleanor Roosevelt went into blacks homes and she visited with black people in their homes Roosevelt has problems in the 2 nd term - He thought that the Supreme Court was opposing him and in1937 he goes to revamp the Supreme Court which doesn’t go very well; the justices were too old and so he says that for every justice over the age of 70 still on the bench, he wanted to have the authority to appoint a new one (9 justices) if they didn’t retire. Becomes known as the Court Packing Plan - He gets burned with an economic recession; a depressed economy that has a dip in it; 1937- 38 Roosevelt was spending a lot of money and now he is getting nervous so he cuts back on
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the spending and when he did, the economy dipped and in 1938 the spending went back up
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