¶ Common and effective usage of scenario planning in other fields such as business, military, and even education strategic planning, strengthened by scenario-oriented methodological approaches , has considerable implications for the development of the field of IR in terms of the possible connection of theory and policy . If IR scholars could derive more practical insights from these fields of studies, their research could be more fruitful in the arena of real world policy making . This is why we need a discussion of the necessity of introducing scenario analysis in our field, the topic of the following section.¶ 4. Why the Study of International Politics Needs Scenario Analysis¶ Is the rationale for using scenarios in other disciplines still relevant for the study of international politics ? Or do we have to find some other reasons for using the scenario methodology in our field ? 59 The potential relevance of the scenario method to the field of IR can be found in various efforts of IR scholars to use a variety of theoretical insights in order to think about an unknown future . ¶ As the previous section suggested, the scenario methodology has been primarily developed in the areas of military planning and strategic management . In the field of IR a few scholars have reevaluated the importance of scenario analysis as a social science methodology .60 These scholars contend that the scenario-building method could make a unique contribution to IR research because of the alternatives to a “scientific” approach it offers to mainstream IR theorizing. Studies prove – apocalypticism motivates more activism than apathy Veldman 12 – Ph.D. candidate in religion at the University of Florida (Robin Globus, “Narrating the Environmental Apocalypse: How Imagining the End Facilitates Moral Reasoning Among Environmental Activists”, Ethics & the Environment, Volume 17, Number 1, Spring 2012, pp. 1-23, dml)
As we saw in the introduction, critics often argue that apocalyptic rhetoric induces feelings of hopelessness or fatalism . While it certainly does for some people, in this section I will present evidence that apocalypticism also often goes hand in hand with activism. Some of the strongest evidence of a connection between environmental apocalypticism and activism comes from a national survey that examined whether Americans perceived climate change to be dangerous . As part of his analysis, Anthony Leiserowitz identified several “interpretive communities,” which had consistent demographic characteristics but varied in their levels of risk perception. The group who perceived the risk to be the greatest, which he labeled “alarmists,” described climate change using apocalyptic language, such as “Bad…bad…bad…like after nuclear war…no vegetation,” “Heat waves, it’s gonna kill the world,” and “Death of the planet” (2005, 1440).