Try to sell the war to the american public iii needed

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Try to sell the war to the American publiciii.Needed to make sure people were willing to sacrifice for the wariv.Main way of getting people involved: selling war bonds1.Way to raise money to pay for the war 2.Cost of war to tremendous for it to be paid solely on warbondsa.Insisted on selling them to make people feel like they had a connection to the warv.Also used advertisements1.War, women and lipstick2.Promoting the war and their productsa.War becomes a commodity 3.A Dissenting Viewa.Dwight Macdonald, “The Responsibilities of Peoples” (1945)i.The real culprit isn’t an evil empire, eliminating them isn’t goingto solve the problem; the real culprit is the modernization of societyii.Individuals have no say in what the government does4.War and Social Changea.Big Governmenti.Office of Price Administration1.Controls prices of goods
2.Government doesn’t want inflation to occurii.War Production Board1.Coordinates industries filling government contracts had the materials they needediii.National War Labor Board1.Workers could not go on strikeiv.War Manpower Commission1.Make sure that companies had the workers they neededto fulfill government contracts2.Most factories on government contracts are on the coastor large citiesa.Recruited people from rural areas to go work where workers were neededb.Big Businessi.Cost-plus contracts1.A contract in which the government guarantees to coverthe cost of production plus a certain percentage of profit2.Regardless of if the contract is fulfilled or not3.Gov. would sometimes build factories and lease them tocompanies for production 4.Typically only big companies making money ii.Military-industrial complex1.Close relationship between military and industrya.Industry thriving due to military spending 2.Illustrates relationship between military and industry from WWII to end of 20thcentury c.Big Agriculturei.Agribusiness1.More profitable during the war2.Benefits large farmers over small farmersa.Smaller farmers can’t compete and go bankrupt and sell out to large agribusinesses 3.Agriculture as an industry d.Big Labori.Businesses entice workers to work for them by providing daycare, hourly wages, etc. ii.More labor unions; increase pay and benefits1.By 1945: 15 million Americans were in unions iii.American Federation of Labor (AFL)
1.Primarily for skilled workersiv.Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)1.Primarily for unskilled workersv.Both combine at the end of the war1.Bigger= more benefits2.Less individual controla.Individuals less important 5. Conclusion a.Vast changesb.Dramatic increase in government, businesses, agriculture, organizationsi.War accelerates these growthsc.Hard to undo these changes once they occur d.
Women and Families in WWII1.Women and Worka.More women were workingi.Shortage of men; more jobs available so women take up those jobsb.Red Cross, United Service Organizations (USO)i.Volunteer based (paid and unpaid)ii.Red Cross: medicaliii.USO: leisure and entertainment for troopsc.

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