Motives of sex biology o hormones testosterone is an

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Motives of Sex Biology o Hormones: Testosterone is an androgen that both sexes produce and increases sexual attraction Hormones DO NOT cause sexual behaviour because: Requires more than hormones There are other factors with low androgens that could cause it (no correlation) o Arousal and Orgasm: Kinsey Experiment: There is no right kind of orgasm for women to have, and both sexes are capable of sexual arousal and response o Sex Drive Some researchers believe that men have a higher frequency of many sexual behaviours, on average because they have a stronger sex drive than women Some people believe that gender differences in sexual motivation is because of roles, cultural norms, and opportunity Psychology o Motives Pleasure – the satisfaction and physical pleasure of sex Intimacy – emotional closeness with the partner; spiritual transcendence Insecurity – reassurance that you attractive or desirable Partner Approval – the desire t please or appease you partner; the desire to avoid the partners anger or rejection Peer Approval – the wish to impress friends, be a part of the group, and conform to what everyone else seems to be doing Attaining a Goal – to get status, money, revenge, or to ‘even the score’ o Extrinsic awards for sex are more common than intrinsic rewards o Both sexes agree to intercourse for nonsexual motives: Men need to fill their masculinity Women obliged to give in to preserve the relationship o Rape/Coercion What causes men to rape? Evolution of animals Narcissism/Hostility o Can be with either men or women o Believe men overpower women Desire to Dominate, Humiliate, or Punish o Originally came from USA Air Force academy to rape the women, so they’d be embarrassed and leave Sadism o Rapists are violent criminals who get pleasure out of inflicting pain on their victims
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Cultures differ widely in determining what parts of their body people learn to be erotic Sexual Script: set of implicit rules that specify proper sexual behaviour for a person in a given situation, varying with the person’s gender, age, religion, social status, and peer group Gender Roles: collections of rules that determine the proper attitudes for and behaviour for men and women o Gender, Culture, and Sex Gender differences and growing similarities are strongly effective by cultural and economic factors: Ratio of women to men Resulting availability of partners Sexual behaviours have been coming more alike Women wanting sex for pleasure, so more availability (prostitutes) Biological/Psychological reason have not been supported Genetic and hormonal factors are involved (more so for gay people) Great variation in the expression of homosexuality and women’s seems more fluid than men’s.
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