Motives of SexBiologyoHormones:Testosterone is an androgen that both sexes produce and increases sexual attractionHormones DO NOT cause sexual behaviour because:Requires more than hormonesThere are other factors with low androgens that could cause it (no correlation)oArousal and Orgasm:Kinsey Experiment:There is no right kind of orgasm for women to have, and both sexes are capable of sexual arousal and responseoSex DriveSome researchers believe that men have a higher frequency of many sexual behaviours, on average because they have a stronger sex drive than womenSome people believe that gender differences in sexual motivation is because of roles, cultural norms, and opportunity PsychologyoMotivesPleasure – the satisfaction and physical pleasure of sexIntimacy – emotional closeness with the partner; spiritual transcendenceInsecurity – reassurance that you attractive or desirablePartner Approval – the desire t please or appease you partner; the desire to avoid the partners anger or rejectionPeer Approval – the wish to impress friends, be a part of the group, and conform to what everyone else seems to be doingAttaining a Goal – to get status, money, revenge, or to ‘even the score’oExtrinsic awards for sex are more common than intrinsic rewardsoBoth sexes agree to intercourse for nonsexual motives:Men need to fill their masculinityWomen obliged to give in to preserve the relationshipoRape/CoercionWhat causes men to rape?Evolution of animalsNarcissism/HostilityoCan be with either men or womenoBelieve men overpower womenDesire to Dominate, Humiliate, or PunishoOriginally came from USA Air Force academy to rape the women, so they’d be embarrassed and leaveSadismoRapists are violent criminals who get pleasure out of inflicting pain on their victims
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Cultures differ widely in determining what parts of their body people learnto be eroticSexual Script: set of implicit rules that specify proper sexual behaviour for a person in a given situation, varying with the person’s gender, age, religion, social status, and peer groupGender Roles: collections of rules that determine the proper attitudes for and behaviour for men and womenoGender, Culture, and SexGender differences and growing similarities are strongly effective by cultural and economic factors:Ratio of women to menResulting availability of partnersSexual behaviours have been coming more alikeWomen wanting sex for pleasure, so more availability (prostitutes)Biological/Psychological reason have not been supportedGenetic and hormonal factors are involved (more so for gay people)Great variation in the expression of homosexuality and women’s seems more fluid than men’s.
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