The English settlement of the Chesapeake Bay region added a new system of

The english settlement of the chesapeake bay region

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-The English settlement of the Chesapeake Bay region added a new system of forced labor, Indentured servantswere racially and religiously indistinguishable from free settlers and eventually accounted for approximately 80 percent of all English immigrants to Virginia and the neighboring colony of Maryland. -A man or woman unable to pay for transportation to the New World accepted a contract that bound him or her to a term ranging from four to seven years of mandatory labor in return for passage and, at the end of the contract a small parcel of land, some tools, and clothes. -Planters were more likely to purchase the cheaper limited contracts of indentured servants rather than African slaves during the initial period ofhigh mortality rates. -As life expectancy improved, planters began to purchase more slaves because they believed they would earn greater profits from slaves ownedfor life than from indentured servants bound for short periods of time. This caused Virginia’s slave population growing rapidly. -Virginia was administered by a Crown-appointed governor and by representatives of towns meeting together as the House of Burgesses. -English settlement of the Carolinas initially relied on profits from the furtrade. -Natives peoples were soon producing over 100,000 deerskins annually tothis profitable commerce, but at a high environmental and cultural cost. -Thousands of Amerindians were sold as slaves to local colonists, who used them as agricultural workers or exported them to English sugar plantations of the Caribbean.
-Angered by this slave trade and by trad imposed by fur traders, Amerindians launched attacks on English settlements in the early 1700s. -This lowered the Amerindians population. -The northern part of the Carolinas, settled from Virginia, followed that colony’s mixed economy of tobacco and forest products.-This colony developed an economy based on plantations and slavery in imitation of the colonies of the Caribbean and Brazil. -Despite an unhealthy climate, the prosperous rice, and indigo plantationsnear Charleston attracted both free immigrants and the increasing numbers of African slaves. -African slaves had been present from the founding of Charleston and were instrumental in introducing irrigated rice agriculture along the coastal lowlands. -Were also crucial to developing plantations of indigo at higher elevationsaway from the cost. -As the profits of rice and indigo rose, the importation of African slaves created a black majority in South Carolina. -African languages, as well as African religious beliefs and diet, strongly influenced this unique colonial culture. -Colonial South Carolina was the most hierarchical society in British North America. -Small farmers, cattlemen, artisans, merchants, and fur traders held an intermediate but clearly subordinate social position. -Native peoples continued to participate in colonial society but lost ground from the effects of epidemic disease and warfare.

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