Lockes state also solves the issue of the human

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presence of an impartial judge to provide mediation. Locke’s state also solves the issue of the human inability to defend one’s self by using the state to promote peace and defend the harmed. The state provides protection and has the ability to administer justice in the events of rights violations. Under these conditions, the state is justified. Contrary to Thomas Hobbes, though, John Locke does not believe that any state is justified. The state of nature is not so bad as to make any state superior to it. A state that violates the natural rights of human beings is not justified and would be worse than the state of nature. As mentioned before, Locke believes that humans are partly altruistic, which negates the issue of a prisoner’s dilemma or “war of all against all” cannot arise. A tyrant’s rule, for instance, might be worse than the “inconveniences” of the state of nature because peace could potentially be acquired. John Locke’s account of human nature is more plausible than Thomas Hobbes because it is irrational and simply incorrect to believe that all human beings are completely self-interested and egoistic.
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Raven 5 All people possess some self-interest because concern with one’s own wellbeing determines the quality of life and whether a person lives or dies. However, the self-interest is not so broad that it prohibits someone for caring for others. And while egotism may be common, it is not a dominant characteristic amongst human beings. Selflessness and modesty are much more prevalent sentiments. Simple acts of holding a door open for another person or helping an elderly person with household chores hurt Hobbes’ conclusions on the human nature. Constantly, we hear of people doing good deeds for others. History provides solid evidence that Hobbes is incorrect in his assessment of the human nature. People such as Martin Luther King, Jr, Mother Teresa and Mohandas Ghandi completely contradict the personality described by Hobbes. For a more intimate, realistic example, consider the various charity events that people hold for those who are less fortunate. Pancakes for Parkinson’s, for instance, or the Abundant Life Ministries banquet, are benefits held here at the University of Virginia that benefit Parkinson’s research and underprivileged young children in Charlottesville, respectively. Those who work at the events receive no reward, benefit or compensation for their time. Someone who is “egoistic” and “rationally self- interested” would more than likely not participate in such activity because they would receive no gain from it. It is much more realistic to believe that human beings are partly altruistic and possess the ability to care for and empathize with others. Because Locke’s account of the human nature is more plausible than Hobbes’, it follows that Locke’s justification for the state succeeds and surmounts Hobbes’. John Locke’s justification for the state succeeds because his assessment of the human nature is accurate. We do in fact have natural rights; we have the right to walk down the street without fear of being harmed. We also have the right to own things
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