3 identify the of nature man as rational being 4

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3. Identify the of nature man as rational being. 4. Compare and contrast how the self has been represented across different discipline and perspectives. Let’s Explore: INTRODUCTION: PHILOSOPHER PERSPECTIVE OF SELF What is Philosophy? -Greek words: Philos and Sophia ” Meaning (Lover of wisdom) Philosophy study of acquiring knowledge through rational thinking and inquiries that involve in answering questions regarding the nature and existence of man and the world we live. A. SOCRATES Unexamined life is not worth living” Lesson 1 – From the perspective of philosophy Lesson 1 From the Perspective of Philosophy Mission Palawan State University is committed to upgrade people’s quality of life by providing education opportunities through excellent instruction, research and innovation, extension, production services, and transnational collaboration Vision An Internationally recognized university that provides relevant and innovative education and research for lifelong learning and sustainable development 3
- First martyr of education, knowledge of philosophy - Charge with corruption of minor - Made to choose between exile and death via the intake of hemlock - Died as martyr that fought against ignorance and narrow mindedness - His Philosophy underlies in the importance of the notion “knowing oneself” - For him, men’s goal in life is to obtain happiness - Happiness motivates us to act towards or avoid things that could have negative effects in our lives. - As such, by fully knowing oneself a person will be able to achieve happiness. - Possession of knowledge is a virtue; ignorance is a depravity (evil, corruption, wickedness) - A person’s acceptance of ignorance is the beginning of acquisition of knowledge. - Knowing ourselves, lies in our abilities and wisdom. - Understanding ourselves is through internal questioning or introspection (Understanding our strength and weakness) - Use Socratic Method or Socratic conversation (role of both teacher and student knowing the world; asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out ideas underlying presumptions. B. PLATO - Student of Socrates - Wrote several literatures that tackles political, human nature, and established the idea of virtue and intelligence. - Father of academy (a place where learning and sharing of know happens; later became one of the pillars and basis of what schools and education is now in the present) - Follow the idea of Socrates in knowing thyself - Notable works are: a. Allegory of the cave b. The Apology c. Perfect government and social system d. The republic (here he said that the world can only be led by a philosopher king, a person who is virtuous as well as intelligent. - According to him, a person who is a follower of truth and wisdom will not be tempted by vices and will always be correct/moral/ethical - He believed in the division of a person’s body and soul which forms the person as a whole aside from the material things and that could be observed and associated with a person.

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