Economic community of west african states eu european

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Economic Community of West African States EU European Union EVD Ebola virus disease FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations GDP Gross domestic product HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus HoS&G Heads of State and Government IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development ILO International Labour Organization MDG Millennium Development Goal MRU Mano River Union MSF Médecins Sans Frontières /Doctors Without Borders MSWGCA Ministry of Social Welfare Gender and Children’s Affairs NGO Non-governmental organization OCHA United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs OHCHR United Nations Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
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xv RO Reproductive rate SDG Sustainable Development Goal UN United Nations UNDG United Nations Development Group UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNECA United Nations Economic Commission for Africa UNFPA United Nations Population Fund UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund UNIDO United Nation Industrial Development Organization UNMEER UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response US$ United States dollar WCA West and Central Africa WAEMU West African Economic and Monetary Union WFP World Food Programme WHO World Health Organization SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
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Introduction A family harvesting rice in Gueckedou area. Photo by Julien Gavelle/FAO Guinea (Nov. 2014)
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1 1. Introduction 1.1 Context The Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone is the longest, largest, deadliest, and the most complex and challenging Ebola outbreak in history. It is unprecedented in terms of its duration, size of infections and fatality, and geographical spread. Unlike the past outbreaks, which lasted for a very short time, the West African case has lasted for more than one year – and has not yet fully abated. As of 11 February 2015, there were 22,859 EVD cases in total: 3,044 in Guinea, 8,881 in Liberia, and 10,934 in Sierra Leone – with a cumulative death of 9,162. In fact, in only around six months, there were 3,774 cases of people infected by EVD and 1,888 deaths in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, which surpassed the cumulative sum in 32 years (1976-2008) of 2,232 infected and 1,503 deaths. As of December 2014, the number of Ebola cases in this outbreak is four times higher than the combined total of all prior outbreaks. 1 What started as a public health crisis in Guinea on 26 December 2013 degenerated into development crises (economic, social, humanitarian and security threats) in the three epicentre countries in less than six months. The deadly disease’s knock-on effects are huge – loss of lives, stifled growth rates, reversed recent socio-economic gains, aggravated poverty and food insecurity, and destroyed livelihoods, particularly affecting women and children.
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  • Fall '19
  • West Africa

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