Its mist glistens the flanks of luxuriating nereids belowToo scandalous to be

Its mist glistens the flanks of luxuriating nereids

This preview shows page 252 - 254 out of 280 pages.

obelisk-sized spray into the air. Its mist glistens the flanks of luxuriating nereids below.Too scandalous to be properly inaugurated, the scaffolding was brought down during the night of Carnevale in the otherwise Holy Year of 1900. rome, a world capital As Rome provided a point of dissemination of national imagery, it also became a point of convergence of imported images and institutions.The whole length of Via Nazionale had only one new religious institution: Saint Paul’s within the Walls. Modern Rome’s first permanent structure for a non-Catholic sect, it was erected by American Episcopalian expatriates. It was also the first work of a non-Italian architect in the modern city.The Americans turned to George Edmund Street, who was well known to them for his work in ecclesiastical architecture outside the Roman Catholic realm. Street had always been inspired by Italian examples, but his characteristic striated construction in courses of brick and travertine strikes a strident tone here, an effect amplified by a bell tower that was the tallest element along the Via Nazionale.There is no dome, no great facade, and its casual asymmetry plays counterpoint to its boxy classical neighbors.A hammer-beamed wooden ceiling over the nave, mosaics by the pre-Raphaelite designer Edward Burne-Jones, and terracotta tiles by William Morris all go against any aesthetic standards established by Roman Catholic tradition. Saint Paul’s is a symbol of the opening of the Roman landscape to freedom of religious observance, and a number of other churches followed, such as All Saints’ on Via del Babuino, also by Street, and two Waldensian 252 the architecture of modern italy
Image of page 252
churches, one on Piazza Cavour and the other near Piazza Venezia. The most significant ecumenical event in Roman architecture of this period, however, was the triumphant rebuilding of the Jewish synagogue.The Jewish Ghetto of Rome was definitively dismantled in 1870, with emancipation under Italian rule.There are no markers or monuments to the Ghetto’s former existence, only a name that lingers in popular nomenclature. Nothing in the district of any architectural note had been built since the middle of the sixteenth century, and now the entire area was to be cleared—rebuilding was deemed necessary with the construction of the Tiber Embankment. The Jews, reluctant to move from the area that had been their traditional home since the age of the Emperor Titus, set aside one of the new blocks along the Lungotevere for their synagogue.An architectural competition for the building was won by Osvaldo Armanni and Vincenzo Costa. Construction began in 1885 but was finished only by the turn of the century.The architects sought an architectural idiom that might distinguish this institution from the many Catholic symbols that loom up around the former Ghetto.The variegated origins of Italy’s Jewish population also encouraged a free amalgamation of various, vaguely eastern Mediterranean sources; it was important that the sources be quite distinct from the broad Western classical tradition that buttresses the constructions of the Catholic faith.The
Image of page 253
Image of page 254

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 280 pages?

  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors