So manifold is the labor and so distant are the

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fibers], and of weaving the threads afresh. So manifold is the labor, and so distant are the regions which are thus ransacked to supply a dress through which our ladies may in public display their charms.” - Seneca the Younger c. 3 BCE–65 CE, Declamations Vol. I: - “Wretched flocks of maids labor so that the adulteress may be visible through her thin dress.” - Don’t these objections sound like people today discussing the treatment of women who make outrageously expensive athletic shoes in Asian sweatshops? - or the Dutch and British East India companies (1600 to 1858) - which divided up big portions of the world into areas of government/private military control - forcing colonized people in India and Southeast Asia to mine minerals, grow spices, cotton, opium, etc. - which were traded around most of the world - for the profit of European investors - Why focus on globalization, and its colonial and imperialist history, in an anthropology class? - Globalization is the context for all societies and cultures today - culture is integrated and a system - anthropologists argue for a holistic view of society, seeing culture as an interconnected system - so to understand any culture today (and many in the past), we have to consider its global context - to include all of the holistic pattern - example: the production, exchange, and consumption of sushi, in your reading by Bestor - the lives of fishermen in Maine are affected by the water temperatures off Spain; the success of a restaurant in New York is affected by the bidding for fish in Tokyo… - we cannot understand any of this without a global perspective - example: Ju/’hoansi in Botswana and Namibia, 1980s-2001 (Lee chapter 12) - Lee details big impacts on the Ju/’hoansi from outside forces - both negative and positive - notice that Lee emphasizes how the Ju/’hoansi responded and dealt with the changing circumstances
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Intro to Cultural Anthro F 2011 / Owen: Globalization p. 3 - both in general and as individuals - they are not passive victims, but players in a complex, global system - even if they are at a disadvantage in some ways - The Modern World System - World system, or world systems theory : a model of how modern world economic and political relations developed and operates, proposed by Immanuel Wallerstein - Includes the entire world known at the time - now the globe, but fomerly Europe, its colonies, and the surrounding societies - A powerful core society exploits a dominated periphery of other societies - The periphery provides raw resources, cheap labor, and often consumers to buy the goods - The core - extracts these resources, converts them to finished goods, and sells them back to the periphery - uses political/economic methods (taxes, import duties, licensed monopolies, etc.) to ensure that it benefits - uses military force to keep its political/economic position - but does this classic model correctly portray the modern globalized world?
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