www2.fiu.edu_~girardc_4700CIV.10

Supreme rules that whites primaries are

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A.Supreme rules that whites primaries are unconstitutional--example of legal strategy VII.Brown v. the Board of Education (1954) A. Chief Justice Earl Warren concludes separate education facilities are inherently unequal VIII.Montgomery Bus Boycott lead by Martin Luther King A. Rosa Parks refuses to yield seat to white passenger on 12/1/55 B. Objective: end discourtesies to blacks, hire black bus drivers, end segregated seating C. King projected into national spotlight as American Ghandi IX.President Eisenhower dispatches federal troops to Little Rock Arkansas, 1957 A. Governor Orval Faubus orders National Guard to keep 9 blacks from Central High B.1000 troops dispatched in state-federal confrontation X.James Meredith Attempts to enroll at University of Mississippi (1962) A. Governor Ross Barnett asks statewide television audience to resist federal policy B. Several hundred federal marshals and troops ensure compliance XI.Southern Christian Leadership Conference fights segregation in Birmingham (1963) A. Often considered most segregated city in U.S. B. Segregation of hotels and restaurants did not violate federal law C. King defies court order and continues protest--involves breaking law D.Violent response of white power structure to nonviolent protest: 1. Bull Connor¶s police use dogs, beatings, fire hoses (100 lbs/ sq. inch) XII.SCLC March from Selma to Montgomery to protest voting restrictions (1965) A.Peaceful marchers in prayer attacked by police using billy clubs on Pettus Bridge B. Skull of John Lewis (a leader of SNCC) fractured C. Later, 3 white pastors who joined demonstration attacked and James Peeb dies D. Viola Liuzo, Detroit housewife who aided marchers, shot to death E.Helped pave path for Voting Rights Act of 1965 back to class notes index
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  • Spring '08
  • JDennis
  • Civil Rights, Nonviolence, Nonviolent resistance, nonviolent direct action

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