Social Contract Rousseau o People are naturally innocent oblivious happy

Social contract rousseau o people are naturally

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Social Contract (Rousseau): o People are naturally innocent, oblivious, happy, isolated and free o Politics might have been a mistake (it's very corrupted now) but too late to go back: we've lost our innocence o Maybe if we understand our true selves we can construct a better, more natural way of life where we can all be free Criticisms of Contract: - Burke: Eternal Contract Reliance on history as a guide Duty to ancestors and future generations Burke sees the contract within the political theory much deeper, it is a good thing that we stay in this change in generations, we should think of it as eternal Preference for incremental reforms Contrast to Rousseau’s “general will” Burke sees the contract within the political theory much deeper, it is a good thing that we stay in this change in generations, we should think of it as eternal Positive role of “prejudice” in shaping good political & social habits Objection to “abstract” rights, freedoms, ideals Contrast to Rousseau’s statement about original freedom and socially constructed “chains” Held: what happens if we think of politics through the lens of the mother/child relationship, instead of thinking of it as based on a contractual relationship between two totally independent people?
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Note her specific criticisms of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau 6 politically-relevant “aspects” of the mother-child relationship 1. "it is not voluntary and for this among others, not contractual."- can't choose parents 2. Qualities of permanence and non-replaceability. "no child and and no mothering person is to the other a merely replaceable commodity." 3. "Equality is not equivalent to have equal legal rights... In many contexts, concerns other than rights are more salient... The quality that is at issue the relation between child and mothering person is the equal consideration of persons, not a legal or contractual notion of equal rights." 4. "we obviously do not fulfill our obligations by merely leaving people alone." 5. " a very different view of privacy" 6. "a very different view of power" She agreed that you can’t change the parent just like you can with the gov't Tocqueville: be able to define and explain: Sovereignty of the People is able to look at American society and see the principle of sovereignty, people rule the country like god rules the world Tyranny of the Majority The tyranny of the majority could be a threat Believes that democracy is good but can subject to justice If America is currently not a tyranny as it may seem, constitution did not conform him The role of “mores” in shaping American political habits and restraining majority tyranny By "mores" means something broad, opinions that underlie the culture of the people
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