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Results:Both men and women more independent than interdependent.Both have equal number of interdependent completionsWomen more relational, men more collectiveStudy 2: MemoryMen and women asked to describe single emotional event in their lives.Coded as independent or interdependentIndependent: I received a good grade on exam
Relational: A close family member diedCollective: My IM team won the championshipResults:Men described more collective eventsWomen descried more relational eventsStudy 3: BehaviorParticipant asked to make a decision: -would you help?2 scenarios-Guard the “rock” vs. go to review session (collective)- Give friend who car broke down ride or get concert tickets (relational)Results:On average men and women equally liked to help but…Men more likely to say would guard rockWomen more likely to give friend ridee. Design an additional study:e.Significance: socialization childhood deals with genderSexual Minority Relationships1. Identify self as homosexual in America:
1.2.8 % men2.1.4% WomenThis is a low estimate, many not wanting to admit to it because feel might be discriminated against.2. Sexual-Minority relationships: Same sex relationships. (gay or lesbian couples). Term used because often discriminated against therefore making them minority.3. 9-10 % Cohabiting couples involved in same sex relationship.Have children under age 18:22% male couples33% female couples4. 4 Myths:1. Relationships are short livedGay or lesbian couples equally likely to last/endDissolution rates similar to hetero cohabiting couples but higher than married couples2. Revolve around Sex3. Involved tightly-scripted male and female role-playingDo not assign roles for household labor such as that one partner is “husband and other is “wife”More egalitarian (housework, work, etc.)- even w/kids
Do specialize in tasks, but by preference, not gender role4. They are different than heterosexual relationshipExcept for the gender of the partner, homosexual romances and partnerships are very much like heterosexual relationshipsA relationship is a relationship5. Except for the gender of the partner, homosexual romances and partnerships are very much like heterosexual relationships means relationship is a relationship.6. False, gay men do not tend to portray female-typical behaviors/emotions in their relationships.7. Ways sexual minority Similar to heterosexuals:AttachmentPreference for expressive partnerFalling in loveCommitment8. Differences in sexual minority relationships compared to heterosexual:CommunicationFemales more relationship centeredSelf-reported desires for sexual contactEarly in relationships, gay men more frequent sexAfter 10 years, less than heterosexual couplesLesbians less frequent regardless or duration (lesbian bed death)9.Lesbian bed death: relationship amongst 2 gatekeepers, not initiator (guy), but able to obtain intimacy in other ways.