22. (a) Statethreesimilarities between the French and British structure of administration in Africa during colonial period. (3 marks) (b) Explain sixproblems experienced by French administration in Senegal. (12 marks) 23. (a) Give threeways through which trade contributed to the rise of Ashante kingdom. (3 marks) (b) Describe the political organization of the Shona during pre-colonial period. (12 marks) 24. (a) State fiveroles played by U.S.A in ending second World War. (5 marks) (b) Explain fivecauses of the Cold War after 1945. (10 marks) for more free past papers,visit:
History & Government paper 1 & 2 Page | 11 GATUNDU SOUTH 311/1 HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT PAPER 1 SECTION A (25 MARKS) Answerallquestions in this section in the answer booklet provided. 1. Give two reasons for studying government of Kenya. (2mks) 2. Give one way in which the knowledge of iron working helped in the migration of the Bantu. (1mk) 3. Name the first settlement of the Luo as they migrated from their original homeland. (1mk) 4. State two functions of the Oloiboni in traditional Maasai community. (2mks) 5. Identify one community in Kenya with a centralized system of government in pre-colonial period. (1mk) 6. Name the missionary society that established a home for freed slaves at the coast of Kenya in the 19thcentury.(1mk) 7. Give one archaeological evidence which shows that Chinese traders reached the Kenyan Coast before 1500AD.(1mk) 8. State two conditions that a person should fulfil to qualify to be a Kenyan citizen by registration. (2mks) 9. State two provisions of the independence constitution of Kenya. (2mks) 10. State two features of the political organizations that were formed in Kenya before 1939. (2mks) 11. State two methods that were used by colonial government to acquire land for European settlement. (2mks) 12. Name two African Nationalists Parties whose leaders attended the Lancaster House Conference. (2mks) 13. Name the Christian missionary who took over the leadership of Kavirondo Tax Payers Welfare Association in 1923. (1mk) 14. State the main reason why Kenya African Democratic Union (KADU) was formed in 1960. (1mk) 15. Who chairs cabinet meetings in Kenya? (1mk) 16. Identify one main factor that is addressed in the National budget. (1mk) 17. Name two parliamentary standing committees that monitor public finance and investments in Kenya. (2mks) SECTION B (45 MKS) Answer any threequestions in this section 18 a) Give five economic activities of the Bantu. (5mks) b) Describe the political organizations of the Luo in the pre-colonial period. (10mks) 19 a) State three social reasons why Britain colonized Kenya during the 19thcentury. (3mks) b) Explain six reasons why Kenyan Communities were defeated by the British during the establishment of colonial rule. (12mks) 20 a) State five methods that were used by African Nationalists in Kenya during the struggle for independence. (5mks) b) Explain five roles played by women in the struggle for independence in Kenya. (10mks) 21 a) State five internal factors that led to the introduction of multi-party democracy in Kenya from 1991. (5mks) b) Explain five challenges experienced in implementing multi-party democracy in Kenya.